Beliefs of Night of Me’raj

All praise is due to Allah the almighty, Lord of the worlds and may His peace and blessings be upon his final Prophet and Messenger, Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam.

What can and cannot be done on the 27th OF RAJAB.

1.We cannot say with absolute certainty on which night the event of Mi’raj had taken place. Although some traditions relate this event to be the 27th of Rajab, yet there are other traditions which suggest some other dates. Al-Zurqani, the famous biographer of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, has referred to five different views in this respect: Rabi’-ul-awwal, Rabi’-ul-’Akhir, Rajab, Ramadhaan and Shawwal. Later, while discussing different traditions, he has added a sixth opinion, that Mi’raj took place in the month of Zul Hijjah.

Allamah Abdulhaq Muhaddith Dehlawi, the well-known scholar of the Indian sub-continent, has written a detailed book on the merits of Islamic months. While discussing Lailat-ul-Mi’raj he has mentioned that most of the scholars are of the view that the event of Mi’raj took place in the month of Ramadhaan or in Rabi’ul-Awwal.

(2) It is also not certain in which year the event of Mi’raj had taken place. There are a number of views mentioned in the books of history which suggest a wide range between the fifth-year and the twelfth year after Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was entrusted with Prophethood.

Now, if it is assumed that the event of Mi’raj took place in the fifth year of Prophethood, it will mean that the Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam remained in this world for eighteen years after this event. Even if it is presumed that the Mi’raj took place in the twelfth year of Prophehood, Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam’s remaining lifetime after this event would be eleven years. Throughout this long period, which may range between eleven years and eighteen years, Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam never celebrated the event of Mi’raj, nor did he give any instruction about it. No one can prove that Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam ever performed some specific modes of worship on a night calling it the “Lailatul-Mi’raj” or advised his followers to commemorate the event in a particular manner.

(3) After the demise of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, his companions did not celebrate this night as a special night. They were the true lovers of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and had devoted their lives to preserve every minute detail of the Sunnah of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and other Islamic teachings. Despite this, they did not celebrate the event of Mi’raj on a particular night in a particular way.

All these points go a long way to prove that the celebration of the 27th of Rajab, has no basis in the Sunnah of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam or in the practice of his noble companions. Had it been a commendable practice to celebrate this night, the exact date of this event would have been preserved accurately by the Ummah and Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and his blessed companions would have given specific directions for it.

Therefore, it is not a Sunnah to celebrate Lailat-ul-Mi’raj. We cannot take any practice as a Sunnah by our own emotions, unless it is established through authentic sources that Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam or his noble Companions have recognized it as such, otherwise it will become a bid’ah.

Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam has mentioned, “Whoever invents something in our religion which is not a part of it, it is to be rejected.”

Being mindful of this serious warning, we should appreciate that the 27th night of Rajab is not like Lailat-ul-Qadr or Lailat-ul-Bara’ah for which special merits have been mentioned expressly either in the Qur’aan or by Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam..

(4) Some people suggest some special modes of worship to be performed on this night. Since no special mode of worship is prescribed by the Shari’ah on this night, these suggestions are devoid of any authority and should not be acted upon.

It is believed by some that Muslims should keep fast on 27th of Rajab. Although there are some traditions attributing special merits to the fast of this day yet the scholars of Hadeeth have held these traditions as very weak and unauthentic reports which cannot be sufficient to establish a rule of Shari’ah. On the contrary, there is an authentic that Sayyiduna Umar (radhiyallahu anahu) used to forbid people from fasting on this day, and he would compel them to eat if they had already started fasting.

It should be borne in mind here that a Nafl fast can be observed any day (except the five prohibited days of the year), therefore, fasting on 27th of Rajab is not prohibited in itself. What is prohibited is the belief that fasting on this day is more meritorious than fasting on other normal days.

Adapted from an article by Hazrat Mufti Taqi Uthmani (Daamat Barakaatuhum)

All praise is due to Allah the almighty at the beginning and at the end.

May you be rewarded for visiting my page and may we all benefit. Ameen.

The Katibah.

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