Loving the messenger of Allah ﷺ

All praise is due to Allah ﷻ, Lord of the worlds and May His peace and blessings be upon His final prophet and messenger, Muhammad ﷺ.

Sayyidina Anas (rd) narrates that Rasulullah ﷺ said, “He who loves my Sunnah truly loves me, and the one who loves me will be with me in paradise.” – Sirat, Vol 1, pg. 426

If today someone were to ask us if we love Rasulullah ﷺ, our spontaneous answer will be yes. However, have we once pondered over what truly loving Rasulullah ﷺ means? Is it simply reading about his life’s work? Or learning about his inner character and mannerism? Was every aspect of Rasulullah ﷺ’s life documented and made accessible to us through the ahaadeeth just so that we can skim through it as we do a magazine?

No! Through the companions, Allah ﷻ granted us with the ability to learn about Rasulullah ﷺ so that we may learn to develop that love and grow it. Adherence to the Sunnah is a symbol of true love for Rasulullah ﷺ. Those who claim to be lovers of Rasulullah ﷺ, but do not adhere to the Sunnah are untrue to their claim. A true lover is generally aware of the circumstances and conditions of his beloved and wishes to be like him.

Of course, this does not mean that in learning to follow the Sunnah of Rasulullah ﷺ, we will become exactly like the companions (rd). There is much difference between the companions (rd) and us. The privilege they had was because they were able to do what we could not.

However, Rasulullah ﷺ’s way of life has been made accessible to us through many means so that we can cultivate the type of love that Abu Bakr (rd) had for Rasulullah ﷺ.

After the conquest of Makkah, Abu Bakr (rd) took his father Abu Quhafa (rd) to Rasulullah ﷺ to accept Islam. Abu Bakr (rd) told Rasulullah ﷺ upon entering the tent, “Oh Rasulullah ﷺ, this is my father, he has come to accept Islaam”. Rasulullah ﷺ replied, “Oh Abu Bakr! If you had informed us that it was your father, we would have come to you”. But Abu Bakr (rd) replied, “Oh Rasulullah ﷺ! It is not befitting that you come to any one let alone my father”.

Thereafter Abu Bakr (rd) placed his father’s hand into Rasulullah ﷺ’s hand to accept Islaam and began crying. Rasulullah ﷺ realised that Abu Bakr (rd) was crying out of sorrow. He asked, “Oh Abu Bakr! What makes you cry? You should be over joyed that your father is accepting Islaam!! Abu Bakr (rd) replied, “Oh Rasulullah ﷺ! Your uncle, Abu Talib, has come to my mind and I swear by Allah ﷻ, the only reason why I am crying is that I would rather have Abu Talib accepting Islam on your hands than my father because I know you will become happier by that. Allah ﷻ will give you a sense of contentment being happy because your uncle strived so much for you but was deprived of Imaan. If he had accepted Islaam, you would’ve been overjoyed by that and so I am crying that if only Allah ﷻ had in place of my father’s Imaan, your uncle would’ve accepted Islam in his place.”

That is the level of affection the companions (rd) had for Rasulullah ﷺ. So much love that they would rather someone closer to Rasulullah ﷺ accept Islaam than their own kin. They would rather their own kin enter the hell-fire in place. Subhanallah! It is so unimaginable that we cannot even put it into prospective.

Allah ﷻ mentions in Surah Ale Imran,

“Say, [O Muhammad], If you love Allah ﷻ, follow me; Allah ﷻ will love you and forgive for you your sins and Allah ﷻ is most forgiving, most merciful.” – 3.31

Hence, we learn from the verse that it is essential for a believer to love Rasulullah ﷺ because gaining the pleasure of Allah ﷻ and loving Rasulullah ﷺ are inseparable.

Then again in Surah Tawbah, Allah ﷻ says,

Say, [O Muhammad ﷺ], “If your fathers, your sons, your brothers, your wives, your relatives, wealth which you have obtained, commerce wherein you fear decline, and dwellings with which you are pleased, are more beloved to you than Allah ﷻ and His Messenger ﷺ and striving in His cause, then wait until Allah ﷻ executes His command. And Allah ﷻ does not guide the defiantly disobedient people.” -9.24

Looking at verse, we see that Allah ﷻ mentions every subject that a human heart develops love for and then Allah ﷻ says if these things become more beloved to the human heart then we should “wait until Allah ﷻ executes His command”. Many commentators of the Qur’aan say that this refers to Allah ﷻ’s punishment and this can come in many forms of which one is the loss of something we love.

There are certain things that we have natural love for, like our children and there are certain things that we develop love for, like our businesses. However, if the love of these things become greater than the love of Allah ﷻ, His messenger ﷺ and striving in His path, then we should wait for the punishment of Allah ﷻ.

The question arises, when should we wait for the punishment to come? In answer to this, we must first understand the levels of Imaan.

The first is the lesser degree of Imaan in which you have love for something which conflicts with the love of Allah ﷻ and His messenger ﷺ. However, the minute that this begins to effect the rights of Allah ﷻ and His messenger ﷺ, then the punishment of Allah ﷻ which He mentions in His Qur’aan should be expected.

The second degree is the higher level of Imaan in which you aspire to develop your love for Allah ﷻ and His messenger ﷺ to such an extent that it supersedes all the things that the human has no control over loving and it supersedes the thing that the human can grow love for in his heart as well.

The affections that are naturally embedded in the heart, are worked on so much that eventually the love of Allah ﷻ and His messenger ﷺ begin to succeed over everything else.

As mentioned by Rasulullah ﷺ in a hadeeth,

“None of you will have faith until he loves me more than his father, his children and all of mankind.” – Bukhari

This greater love for Allah ﷻ and His messenger ﷺ is not possible without studying the life of Rasulullah ﷺ. If we strive to learn about Rasulullah ﷺ, we will learn that Allah ﷻ moulded him in such perfection that we will fall in love with him and if a study of his ﷺ’s life does not change us, then we should bear in mind that the imperfection is on our part and not his ﷺ.

All praises are due to Allah ﷻ at the beginning and at the end.

May you be rewarded for visiting my page and May we all benefit. Ameen.

The Katibah.

Resources used:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4TfGRnKgQzw

https://quran.com/

The Khulasa by Shaikh Muhammad Adb al-Hayy al-Kattani

The sublime conduct of Nabi ﷺ by Mufti Muhammad Irshad Ahmed Qasimi

The sealed Nectar by Saifur-Rahman Al-Mubarakpuri

Seeratul Mustafa ﷺ by Hadhrat Moulana Muhammad Idres Kaandhewi saahib

 

 

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Building a Connection

All praise is due to Allah ﷻ, Lord of the worlds and May His peace and blessings be upon His final prophet and messenger, Muhammad ﷺ.

Once in Madinah during the time of Rasulullah ﷺ, a companion, Aws bin Samit (rd) became displeased with his wife, Khowla bint Tha’labah (rd) and gave her a talaaq-e-zihaar. This was a type of divorce which was issued in the time of ignorance. The husband would say “You are to me like the back of my mother”. These words likened his relationship with his wife to his relationship with his mother and made his wife forbidden to him forever. Even after marrying another man, the wife would not be able to ever remarry her first husband again.

Khowla bint Tha’labah (rd) was an old woman and no longer at an age to remarry. Any person can imagine how distressed she must have felt and as was the habit of the companions, she ran to Rasulullah ﷺ with her problem.

Rasulullah ﷺ was residing at Aishah’s (rd) house at the time. Khowla (rd) came and said; “Oh Rasulullah ﷺ! My husband has given me a talaaq-e-zihaar. What do you command”?

Until this time, Rasulullah ﷺ had not received any revelation related to the matter and so he said; “Oh Khowla! You have become forbidden for him”. This was the ruling according to the customs of the time.

Upon hearing this reply, Khowla (rd) pleaded; “Oh Rasulullah ﷺ! He spent my wealth, exhausted my youth and my womb bore abundantly for him. When I became old and unable to bear children, he pronounced zihaar on me. Where shall I go and how will my children do their living?”

But once again Rasulullah ﷺ replied; “Oh Khowla! You have become forbidden for him.” She pleaded again; “Oh Rasulullah ﷺ! Please review your answer”. But Rasulullah ﷺ realised that Khowla (rd) was not going to listen so he bowed his head and did not reply.

Khowla (rd) saw this and so she said; “Oh Rasulullah ﷺ! I will complain directly to your lord”! She raised her hands to the heavens and she spoke quietly to Allah ﷻ; “Oh Allah! I bring my complaint directly to you. I have small children. I do not have the strength or money to feed them. Nor can I rely on their father as he has also become old. Oh Allah! Send a decision in my favour on your prophet’s tongue”. Suddenly the signs of revelation being revealed were noted on Rasulullah ﷺ and once he was relieved, he smiled; “Oh Khowla! Allah has revealed in regards to you and your husband.

Allah ﷻ revealed;

Indeed Allah has heard the talk of the woman who was debating with you concerning her husband and was complaining to Allah. And Allah was hearing the conversation between you both. Verily, Allah is All-Hearing, All-Seeing.

(Surah Mujadalah, verse 1)

Subhanallah! The connection that Khowla (rd) had with Allah ﷻ speaks directly to my soul. Just try to imagine yourself in the presence of Rasulullah ﷺ. How fortunate would that person be! No person would even think of asking anyone else for confirmation of what was said. Yet here was Khowla (rd). She was a woman and she was old. But her connection with Allah ﷻ was so strong that when she realised that Rasulullah ﷺ was not going to listen to her, she turned to Allah ﷺ. Not because she did not believe in Rasulullah ﷺ. But because she knew that Allah ﷻ answered the prayer of the person in distress.

In Surah Ghafir, Allah ﷻ says;

And your Lord says, “Call upon Me; I will respond to you.”

But when will Allah ﷻ respond?

He will “respond” when you believe in Him. When your conviction in Him is so strong that be it in a time of need or not, you know that Allah ﷻ is there for you. When you believe without a doubt, that He is forever present.

Take a look at Khowla (rd). What did she do that made her so special, that Allah ﷻ revealed the Qur’aan to Rasulullah ﷺ in response to her call. The only thing that she did was ask Allah ﷻ to reveal a ruling in her favour with conviction in her heart.

Khowla (rd) spoke to Allah ﷻ. She prolonged her call. She beautified her speech like she was talking to her lover. She did not just simply say “Oh Allah! Give me this!” She knew that Allah ﷻ knew. But she was pleading her case in the court of Allah ﷻ and in response, Allah ﷻ revealed the Qur’aan. How truly amazing is that! Khowla (rd) made one plea to Allah ﷻ. Just one plea!

In a narration, Aishah (rd) says; “Pure is He, whose hearing encompasses all things. I heard what Khowla bint Tha’labah said about her husband while some of it I could not hear despite being so close to her in the same room, but Allah ﷻ heard her all her conversation and said; “Indeed, Allah has heard…”

Subhanallah! Allah ﷻ is All-Hearing, All-seeing. Allah ﷻ truly is the one who hears your plea, who hears your cry for help. He really is the only one who will not break your heart. When you call Him lovingly, when you call to Him in distress, when you talk to Him like there is no one else that you love more than Him, He will answer your call. And if you feel that Allah ﷻ has not answered your call, don’t feel disheartened. Just think that Allah ﷻ wants you to talk to Him for longer. Don’t demand from Allah ﷻ. He is not the one who is in need of us. Talk to Him! Plead with Him. Beg Him. Cry to Allah ﷻ. Plant your seed of hope in your prayers and see the miracles that grow in your life!

The key point to this lesson is we have to build a connection with Allah ﷻ if we want him to respond to our call and there is no better time to do this than in the month of Ramadhaan.

In a hadeeth, Rasulullah ﷺ says;

“When Ramadhaan begins, the gates of Paradise are opened, and the gates of Hell are closed, and the devils are chained up.”

(al-Bukhaari, 3277; Muslim, 1079)

Here is a golden opportunity. We have to take advantage of it. We have to build a connection with Allah ﷻ today. We cannot wait for tomorrow. Who has been promised the next minute, let alone tomorrow? We cannot wait around for next Ramadhaan. Who knows whether we will even see next Ramadhaan? There is only about a week left of Ramadhaan. How many of us can say that we have truly connected with Allah ﷻ in this month? How many of us can say that without a doubt we will not turn back to our old ways because our connection with Allah ﷻ is stronger than before?

Build a connection with Allah ﷻ before it’s too late. No one needs to know how you’re building your connection. That is between you and Allah ﷻ. All you need to remember is that it does not have to be something great. Start small. Give charity. Recite the Qur’aan more often. Stand up for the night pray. Anything. Just as long as you are doing something.

I know that this is easier said than done. We face obstacles in our path in the form of our own wishes and desires. We all have our ups and downs. But that’s ok. That’s life. We’re bound to have a bumpy ride. But as long as we are trying to connect with Allah ﷻ, we will Insha Allah be getting somewhere.

A wise person once said;

“The path to Allah ﷻ is long. It is not important that you reach the end. What is important is that you are on this path when you die.”

All praise is due to Allah ﷻ at the beginning and at the end.

May you be rewarded for visiting and May we all benefit. Ameen.

The Katibah.

Resources used:

Ma’riful Quran
Tafseer Ibn Katheer

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Whoever wishes:

Contentment of the chest and Forgiveness of Sins and Relief of Agony and departure of Grief,

He should increase Salutations upon Nabee sallallahu alayhi wasallam.

And this was His sallallahu alayhi wasallam bequest to Ubayy bin Ka’b radiallahu anh.

The Katibah.

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The Katibah.

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The Katibah.

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The Katibah.

The massacre of Karbala

All praise is due to Allah swt, the lord of the worlds and May His peace and blessings be upon His final prophet and messenger, Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam.

Assalaamu’alaykum.w.w.

Since the beginning of Muharram, I have been thinking to myself that I should study about what happened at the time of Karbala. It must have been a time of acceptance because come a week later, there I was sitting in front of the Madrasah students giving a talk on Karbala. Alhumdulillah! Originally was meant to be in two parts but as I’ve finished both parts I’ve put it into one. Happy reading! 🙂

Through the ages Iraq has seen many massacres. Some of which have been so brutal that rivers of blood flowed through its streets. Of these massacres, the most inhumane took place in the 61st year of Hijri, on Friday the 10th of Muharram.

The story of Karbala in actual fact began on the 12th of Rabi ul awwal, the 11th year of Hijri. Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam had been informed that it was time for him to leave this world and so like any other person would do; He sallallahu alayhi wasallam began to say his final goodbyes. He bid farewell to his beloved sahaba, to his loving wives, to his devoted sons in law and his adoring daughters. Yet he did not shed even a drop of tear. Then the time came for him to hold his beloved grandsons, Hasan (rd) and Hussain (rd), for the last time and tears began to flow from the Mubarak eyes of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam because he knew that, one day in the future, his ummah would poison one of them and would behead the other and he could not perceive this for they were a part of him.

Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal has related in his Musnad that Once Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam was sitting with the angel of rain, Mikaeel (as). Hussain (rd), a small child at the time, was sitting with Umme Salma (rd) and he wanted to go to Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam. So he ran into the room and began climbing upon the shoulders of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam. Mikaeel (as) asked, “Oh Rasulullah! Do you love Hussain?” and Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam replied “Indeed! I love Hussain.” So the Angel said, “Indeed people from your Ummah will kill Hussain. If you wish I will show you that place where they will kill him.” So Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam replied; “Yes! Show me!” The Angel struck his hand and the land of Karbala opened up and he bought some red soil (about which Umme Salma (rd) mentions; “I used to tie this soil in my scarf”). When Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam saw this land He said “Rehu karb wa bala! From this land I smell karb- difficulty and pain and bala- trials and tribulations.” Hence Karbala was named.

Moving forward to the 60th year of Hijri, before the demise of Muawiyah (rd) he appointed his son, Yazeed, as the next khaleef. Generally a Khaleef is appointed after the demise of the previous one. However, Yazeed was the first to have inherited khilafah. When a khaleef is appointed, he is to be followed as long as he is obedient to the commands of Allah swt and Yazeed was not obedient. As a matter of fact, Yazeed was a drunkard, listened to music and had other bad habits. But before anything could be said to Muawiyah (rd) to change his decision, he passed away. As Yazeed was not submissive, Hussain ibn Ali (rd), the eldest living member of the family of the prophet of Allah sallallahu alayhi wasallam at the time, was not ready to accept him as a khaleef. Many people began to take allegiance with Yazeed; however a lot felt that Hussain (rd) should be appointed as the new khaleef.

People began sending letters from Kufa to Madinah Munawwarah to Hussain (rd). Kufa is a place that is now part of Iraq. However at the time, it was a garrison which was the main governing seat of Ali (rd) and so many supporters of Ali (rd) still resided in Kufa. According to some narrations they sent 12 000 letters saying “Oh Hussain come to us and we will pledge allegiance to you. We will regard you as the khaleef.”

As so many letters were sent to him, Hussain (rd) sent his cousin Muslim ibn Aqeel ibn Abi Talib (rd) to see what was happening in Kufa. When Muslim ibn Aqeel (rd) set out for his journey he hired two guides. On his way, first one guide passed away and then the other and so he did not take this as a positive sign. He sent a letter to Hussain (rd) telling him he had a bad feeling about this journey and so maybe he should not go ahead. But Hussain (rd) told him to carry on because he wanted to find out what the reality of the situation was in Kufa.

Muslim ibn Aqeel (rd) reached Kufa and within a couple of days 32 000 people pledged allegiance to Hussain (rd) on the hands of Muslim ibn Aqeel (rd). He wrote a letter to Hussain (rd), who at the time was residing in Makkah Mukarramah, saying “Oh Hussain! Come to Kufa. The people’s hearts are with you.”

The governor at the time in Kufa was a very pious man by the name of Nouman ibn Basheer (rd). A supporter of Yazeed asked him “why do you not do something about this Muslim ibn Aqeel?” But Nouman ibn Basheer (rd) did not wish to be tested through the family of Rasulullah Sallallahu alayhi wasallam and so he said “I would rather be a coward with the truth than be brave with falsehood.”

When Yazeed learnt through his supporters that Nouman ibn Basheer was not going to take action, he demoted Nouman (rd) and he appointed Ubaidullah ibn Ziyad as the new khaleef in place of him.

Ubaidullah ibn Ziyad entered Kufa with his face covered and the people who were waiting for the arrival of Hussain (rd) thought it was him and they began giving salaam to him saying “Assalaamu’alaykum oh grandson of the prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam!”

Ubaidullah ibn Ziyad then came to realise how severe the situation was and so he went straight to the governing palace and ordered his people to scout out for the gatherings of Muslim ibn Aqeel (rd). It was then that the people came to know that this person was not in fact Hussain (Rd) but rather someone appointed by Yazeed. Ubaidullah ibn Ziyad sent one of his slaves to keep an eye out for who comes and goes from these gatherings and then report back to him. Amongst these people who gathered was a man by the name Hani, who was the leader of his people.

On the 8th of Zul Hijjah 60 AH, Ubaidullah ibn Ziyad summoned him and asked him where Muslim ibn Aqeel (rd) was, To which he denied knowledge of such a person. Ubaidullah ibn Ziyad called out his slave and Hani then realised that he could no longer hide the truth and so he said “I swear by Allah, Even if Muslim ibn Aqeel was under my foot I would not reveal him to you.”

On hearing the news that Hani had been captured, Muslim ibn Aqeel (rd) marched towards the palace with 4000 men and at the same time, Ubaidullah ibn Ziyad gathered the tribal leaders and he offered them close council if they called off their men. So these leaders went out and began to call off their men. That morning when Muslim ibn Aqeel (rd) had gathered his men, He had 4000 men. In the afternoon he had 400 men. By Maghrib he only had 30 men and after Maghrib he was left all alone running and hiding in the streets of Kufa like a fugitive because Ubaidullah ibn Ziyad’s men were searching for him.

Whilst hiding he came to a door, he knocked on it and an old lady opened it. He asked her “Do you have water for a traveller?” and she replied in the affirmative and gave him water. He drank the water and then he sat where he was like a tired traveller does after a long day. Seeing him sit down, the lady asked him “why are you sat there? What is wrong?” and he replied “I am Muslim ibn Aqeel”. She asked him “you’re from the family of the prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam?” he replied “yes” and she felt honoured to be in his presence and so she gave him shelter.

Later that night her son came home and she told him “we are honoured with the family of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam”. But her son did not feel the same way and so early the next morning on the day of Arafat; he sneaked out of the house, went over to the palace and said “if you give me this amount money I will tell you where Muslim ibn Aqeel is hiding”. So they gave him some money and he told them where he was.

The soldiers went, they surrounded the house and they captured Muslim ibn Aqeel (rd). When they reached the palace, Ubaidullah ibn Ziyad ordered his men to take Muslim (rd) and Hani on to the terrace and he said to them “behead both men and then throw their heads over the wall of the palace, so that people know that this will be their outcome if they go against Yazeed the governor”. So on the 9th of Zul Hijjah 60th year of Hijri, Muslim ibn Aqeel (rd) along with Hani became shaheed. Inna lillahi wa inna ilayhi raji’oon.

Back in Makkah Mukarramah, when the eminent Sahaba (rd) found out that Hussain (rd) was planning on setting out towards Kufa they tried to stop him. They were not trying to stop him because they wanted to go against the Khaleef but rather they were trying to stop him because they knew the treacherous nature of the Iraqis, in particular the Kufans. Abdullah ibn Abbas (rd) said to him “Hussain! Where are you going?! Don’t you remember what these people did to your father and to your brother?” But Hussain (rd) insisted on going. To which Abdullah ibn Abbas (rd) said to him “I swear by Allah! If I could tie a rope around your neck and keep you here in Makkah, I would do so.”

Abdullah ibn Umar (rd) travelled for three days to catch up with him and he asked him “where are you going oh Hussain?!” Hussain rd replied: “Look at the letters they have sent to me! They want to pledge allegiance with me!” Abdullah ibn Umar (rd) was one of the leading scholars of the time. He had great knowledge of the Qur’an and Hadeeth. He replied “Hussain! This can never happen because Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam said that he is from you and you are from him and Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam was given an option of the dunya or the akhirah and he chose the akhirah. So you can never attain the dunya!” but even this did not change Hussain’s (rd) mind and so ibn Umar (rd) asked him to show him the place where Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam used to kiss him. Hussain (rd) lifted his garment and ibn Umar (rd) kissed him in the very same spot and he let him go.

Two days prior to the day of Arafat on the 7th of Zul Hijjah, Hussain (rd) along with his wife, children, Sister Zainub Bint Ali (rd) and others set out from Makkah Mukarramah. On his way he met a well-known poet by the name of Quraltuk and he asked him what the situation was like in Kufa. He replied “Half of the people are with you but all their swords are with Bani Umayah”. But he still carried on towards Kufa.

On the way, he suddenly began to say the takbeer out loud and the people asked “What is wrong oh Hussain?” And he replied “I saw an angel in the form of a rider and he informed me that the army is coming and death awaits you!” and so in shock for the second time they asked “What do you see Oh?! Hussain what do you see?!” and he replied “I have seen the decree of Allah swt”.

Further on, he saw that Ubaidullah ibn Ziyad had sent an army of a 1000 men under the command of Hurr ibn Yazeed. Hurr confronted Hussain (rd) and he said to him “Oh Hussain! Do not make Allah swt test me through the family of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam”. But Hussain (rd) carried on walking and Hurr began to follow him with his army. So Hussain (rd) in annoyance said to Hurr “May your mother lose you!” and Hurr replied “Oh Hussain! If anyone other than you had said this to me, I would have taken revenge from him and his mother. But what can I say to your mother? She is the leader of the women of the dunya and the akhirah. What can I even say to you?!”

Ubaidullah ibn Ziyad then sent another 4000 men under the command of Umar ibn S’ad. Then another 4000 men under the command of  Shimr. Then another 1000 men under the command of Hussain ibn Mumayid, and lastly, another 1000 men under the command of Muhammad ibn Ash’ath.

Now Hussain (rd) began to realise how severe the situation was because against the 11 000 men of Ubaidullah ibn Ziyad, he in total only had 72 people, of which some were women. 23 of the 72 were from the Ahlul Bayt and about 16 were from the direct family of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam. He turned to Umar ibn S’ad and he said “Give me one of three options: Either allow me to fight in the path of Allah swt for the rest of my life, or allow me to speak to Yazeed or allow me to go back to Makkah Mukarramah.”

Umar ibn S’ad wrote a letter to Yazeed. Yazeed began agreeing with his conditions. But Shimr, who was present, said to him “No! You cannot agree to any of his conditions because if you do so, it would mean he has won. Instead, tell him to surrender without any conditions and his faith will lie in our hands”. So Yazeed wrote a letter back to Umar ibn S’ad saying that Hussain (rd) must surrender without any conditions.

By the time the letter reached Umar ibn S’ad, a day had passed and Hussain (rd) along with his people had been denied even a sip of water. Umar ibn S’ad read the letter out to Hussain (rd) and Hussain (rd) said to him “Oh ibn S’ad! I swear by Allah, if one of my enemies had asked of me any one of the three, I would have agreed to his condition. Don’t you know who I am? Don’t you know I am the son of Ali (rd)? Don’t you know I am the son of Faatimah (rd)? Don’t you know I am the grandson of the prophet of Allah sallallahu alayhi wasallam? And Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam said Hussain is from me and I am from Hussain, whoever hurts Hussain, has hurt me. What will you do on the day of judgement, when you will come to my grandfather and you will ask him to intercede on your behalf and you have done this to me? What do you think my grandfather will do”?

Hurr ibn Yazeed was listening to this and he came to Hussain (rd) and he said “Oh Hussain from now on I am with you!” Then he turned towards the Kufans and he said to them; “What kind of people are you? You wrote letter upon letter to him and when he came to help you, you deceived him! Then you deprive him of water, even though there is a river nearby which the dogs and pigs drink from. Which the Christians and the Jews drink from. Yet you stop water from reaching the family of the prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. What kind of people are you?!”

For three more days they refused to give him water and on this third day Hussain (rd) came out of his tent, he sat down, he took off his sword, he fell asleep and he saw a dream. He only woke up when he heard the screams of his sister, Zainub bint Ali (rd).

She came running and screaming because the enemy was advancing and so Hussain (rd) told his brother to go and ask them for one more day to think over things. Abbas ibn Ali (rd) went and asked and they gave them one more day.

Hussain (rd) then gathered his men and he said; “Oh people! Know that the only man they want is me. So why don’t you all go back and leave me?” They replied; “Oh Hussain! There is no life for us after you.”

Seeing as he was not getting anywhere with his people, Hussain (rd) then turned to the family of Muslim ibn Aqeel (rd) and he said “Oh Muslim! Your family has given your sacrifice! Muslim has been martyred so why don’t you go back?” (He said this because by this time news had reached them that Muslim (rd) had been martyred). They replied; “Oh Hussain! What will people say? That you left your leader! You left your cousin because you wanted to live in this dunya? We swear by Allah! This can never happen. We will die with you! We will give our lives. We will give our families and we will give our wealth for you and if it means we dying with you, then we will die with you”.

Seeing as even in this case he was not getting anywhere, Hussain (rd) then explained; “The reason I asked for one more night was not because I was going to join falsehood. But rather when I went to sleep outside my tent, I saw my grandfather, Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam, in my dream. He said to me; “Oh Hussain! Get ready to come to me” and the other reason I took one more night was because I wanted to stand in front of my lord, to cry to my lord and to repent to my lord. This is the only reason I took one more night. Otherwise if it was to join with falsehood, remember that the family of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam can never join with Falsehood.”

Hussain (rd) then spent the entire night standing the court of Allah swt, crying to him and he recited poetry. He said:

“Oh time! What an awful friend you are!

For all those who have pursued you, you have killed them by day and night.

And we have all attained your targets, and all matters will return to Allah swt.

And every person who is living will walk my path”.

His sister listening to this began to cry and so he said “Oh Zainub! Do not let Shaytaan get the better of you! I swear by Allah, my mother was better than me and she died. My brother was better than me and he died. My father was better than me and he died and my grandfather, the Prophet Sallallahu alayhi wasallam was better than me and he died. So I will tell you that you and I will leave this dunya and so don’t let Shaytaan get the better of you.”

The next day, Friday 10th of Muharram, Hussain (rd) came out with his men and the Kufans also came forward. As was the tradition of the time, first a one on one duel took place amongst the chosen men. So the Kufans sent forward their men and Hussain (rd) himself came forward and took out each one of them single handed. The Kufans then realised that if this carried on, they would be left with no men and so 3000 men attacked the small army of Hussain (rd) all at once.

The first to fall from the men of Hussain (rd) was Muslim ibn Awsij (r). Hussain (rd) called out to him “Oh Muslim! Glad tidings unto you, for you are the first to fall for the family of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam”. Then Habeeb ibn Mutahhir moved forward and called out “Glad tidings unto you, Oh Muslim! Glad Tiding unto you, Oh Muslim! You are guaranteed Jannah for falling for the family of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam”. Then Muslim (r) turned to Habeeb (r) and he said “Oh Habeeb! Don’t die after Hussain. Die before him. Die Protecting Hussain”! Amongst the men, Sa’eed ibn Abdullah (r) said to Hussain (rd) “Oh Hussain! If I had a thousand lives, I swear by Allah, I would give each one for you. But I have only one life and this I will give up for you.”

One by one, all the men around Hussain (rd) fell. The only men standing were the family of Hussain (rd). The time for zuhr came and so Hussain (rd) said “At Least let us read Zuhr!” So Shimr answered saying “Your Salaah won’t be accepted.” Hussain (rd) replied saying “I see. So the salaah of the household of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam won’t be accepted but yours will be?” and then Hussain (rd) along with his men, read his Salaah by gesture on the battle field.

After reading Salaah from amongst the remaining soldiers, the first to come forward was the eldest son of Hussain (rd), Ali Al-Akbar (r), who was at the time 19 years old. Just like his grandfather Ali (rd), He fought like a lion until they cut off his hands and struck him. When he was breathing his last, his father took him into his arms and said to him “Oh my son! On the day of judgement your grandfather, Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam, will bare witness to your shahadah”. Then when Ali Al-Akbar breathed his last in his father’s arms, Hussain (rd) picked him up and put him with the rest of the martyred.

Then the cousins of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam came forward and fought until all four of them were martyred. Thereafter Qasim ibn Hasan (r) came forward and fought until they hit him over the head and he called out to his uncle Hussain (rd). Hussain (rd) came to him and said “Oh my son! Today your uncle is so injured that he cannot reply to your plea of help because his enemies are many and his friends are few. But I swear by Allah, after today you will not feel the need to call upon anyone”. This moment was so touching that for a moment there was a total standstill in the battlefield.

Thereafter his brothers become shaheed. First to go was Abbas (r). Then Abu Bakr (r), Uthmaan (r), Abdullah (r)and Ja’far (r). Then the sons of Ja’far (r) became shaheed. First to be martyred was Aun (r) and then Muhammad (r). Then Hasan (rd)’s second son Abu Bakr (r) became shaheed.

Thereafter the rest of the family of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam were martyred except for Hussain (rd) and the first to attack him was Malik ibn Basheer. He struck Hussain (rd) on his helmet and blood began to gush out. So Hussain (rd) removed his helmet and wore a turban instead to stop the bleeding.

He fought as bravely as the men of his family. But for so many days he had not had any water to drink and so he was thirsty and tired. He retreated to his camp and called his youngest son Abdullah who was still being breastfed. Knowing his final moments were near, he took his son into his arms and he began to hug him and kiss him and one of the Kufans by the name of Harmala bin Kamil shot an arrow and it hit Abdullah straight  in the neck and thus the last of the lineage of Hussain (rd) was martyred.

This moment is a great lesson for all who wish to listen. Look at the sabr of Hussain (rd). He laid his son on the ground; he collected the blood in his palms, lifted his hands towards the heavens and cried out “Oh Allah! Give us patience over your decree! Oh Allah! Give us patience over your decree! Oh Allah! Give us patience over your decree”! And in another narration it has been mentioned that he said “Oh Allah! If this is your decree then we accept it. If your help has stopped coming we accept it. But don’t let these oppressors get away with what they have done!” Even in his time of distress, he turns to the one who seals all fates.

Then a small child came running out of the camps and a soldier by the name of Hani ibn Katheer began to attack. Someone tried to stop him saying “He’s just a child. What is he going to do?” But even this did not stop him. He took hold of the child, laid him on the ground and cut off his head as if he was sacrificing an animal.

One of the Kufans thus mentioned “I have never seen a man fight as bravely as Hussain (rd)! For bodies of his family and friends were lying all around him but he was sitting there as content as any man could be!” But really what did this Kufan expect! For this Hussain was no ordinary man! What was to be expected of the son of Ali (rd), the grandson of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam, the brother of Hasan (rd), the nephew of Hamzah (rd)! This man was destined for Jannah and Jannah was his only goal.

Hussain (rd) then stood up and he started walking towards the river nearby to try and at least drink some water. But Hussain (with a ص) ibn Yazeed shot an arrow and it hit Hussain (rd) on the chin. He again filled his palms with his own blood this time and turned towards the heavens. Then he said “Oh Allah! I am weak but you are strong. Don’t leave any one of them alive. Destroy them one by one. Take my revenge through your own will.”

He had only just finished making Du’aa and Hussain ibn Yazeed began to feel thirsty. He asked for water and water was given to him. He drank but still wanted more, so they gave him cooled milk. He drank the milk but still kept asking for more till the point that he drank so much milk, his stomach burst and he died a painful death. Thus Hussain (rd) was shown before he was martyred that he should not grieve because Allah swt was with him.

Here was Hussain (rd) left on his own to fight and everywhere he’d turn, a group of men would run after him (because these men were too cowardly to attack on their own) until Shimr said “What are you waiting for? Finish him off!”

Just imagine yourselves on the battlefield for a second and think about what the scene must be like. There, in front of the women of the family of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam. In front of the wife, sister and daughter of Hussain (rd), like vultures upon dead meat, they struck him around 60 times and even this was not enough for them! A man by the name of Zur’aa bin Saree’ from the tribe of Tamim came and struck Hussain (rd) on the shoulder. He fell to his knees and Khoula bin Sanan ibn Abi Anas threw a spear and Hussain (rd) fell to the floor completely. Then he grabbed Hussain (rd)’s head and severed it from his body and he gave the head to Khoula bin Yazeed. Then they severed the head of all the men who fought with Hussain (rd) and then they left. How unfortunate must these men be that Allah swt did not even give them the ability to bury the martyred?!

They then took the womenfolk of Hussain (rd) as captives. His sister Zainub bint Ali (r) turned around and all she could see was the bodies of their menfolk, of whom every single one had their heads severed from their bodies and she saw these bloodthirsty men take ten horses to trample over the body of the man for whom Allah’s Rasool sallallahu alayhi wasallam stopped the khutbah, just so he could bring him and his brother forward. Then they took Hussain (rd)’s head, stuck it on a pole and held it up high. Thus, on Friday the 10th of Muharram, the grandson of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam, Hussain ibn Ali (rd) became shaheed. Inna lillahi wa inna ilayhi raji’oon.

Upon seeing this scene, Zainub bint Ali (r) cried out “Oh my grandfather, the Prophet Sallallahu alayhi wasallam, oh my grandfather, May the mercy of Allah swt be upon you. May the angels of the sky send salutations upon you. This is Hussain lying on the battlefield. Today his shroud and his clothes are bloodied and his limbs have been cut and he has been trampled over. Oh my grandfather! Today your granddaughters have become captives and your progeny has been killed!” One of the Kufans mentioned that this scene was so emotional that even the soldiers lost control upon hearing this and began to cry.

The people of Bani Asad then came. They prayed janaazah salaah and they buried the bodies. When Umar ibn S’ad found out they had been buried, he sent water over to the burial site and had it sprinkled over the graves for 40 days until there was no sign of any graves left.

But this was the land of Karbala! Did these men expect it to be forgotten if no signs of the graves were left? Sometime after the soil had dried, a Bedouins came to Karbala. He began to smell the soil and he came to a part of the land where the smell so strong that he began to sneeze. It was so beautiful he had never smelt anything like that before and he said “This is the place where Hussain (rd) is buried.” Subhanallah! They Planned but Allah swt also planned.

The head of Hussain (rd) was then paraded through the streets of the city and then in the markets of Kufa and the Kufans then took the severed head to Ubaidullah ibn Ziyad, who upon seeing it was left in so much awe by its beauty that even he exclaimed; “What beauty!” Anas bin Malik (rd) was standing there and so stated “There was no one who resembled Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam more than Hussain (rd)”. Hussain (rd) resembled Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam so much that after he had passed away when the sahaba (rd) missed Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam, they would go to the house of Ali (rd) and look at Hussain (rd).

Then Ubaidullah ibn Ziyad took a cane and hit the mouth of Hussain (rd) and Zaid ibn Arkam (rd) said “Remove that cane, for I swear by Allah, I saw Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam kiss those lips.”

Ubaidullah ibn Ziyad then sent the head of Hussain (rd) to Yazeed in Damascus, who took a sword and hit Hussain (rd)’s lips and Abu Darda Aslami said to him “Oh Oppressor! Remove that sword for I saw Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam’s lips on those lips.” According to some narrations Yazeed sent the head to Madinah Munawwarah with the womenfolk when he released them and there they buried the head with Faatimah (rd).

Thus in the 61st year of Hijri, Friday 10th of Muharram, alongside Hussain bin Ali (rd), Abu Bakr bin Ali (r), Uthmaan bin Ali (r), Abbas bin Ali (r), Abdullah bin Ali (r), Ali Al-akbar (r), Ali Al-Asghar (r), Abdullah ibn Hussain (r), Qasim bin Hasan (r), Abu Bakr bin Hasan (r), Abdullah bin Hasan (r), Aun bin Abdullah bin Ja’far (r), Muhammad bin Abdullah bin Ja’far (r), Adi bin Abdullah bin Ja’far (r), Abdullah bin Muslim (r), Abdur-Rahman bin Muslim (r), Uthmaan bin Aqeel (r), Yahya bin Aqeel (r) and Ja’far bin Aqeel (r) of the Ahlul-Bayt were martyred. Their heads, just like Hussain (rd), were severed from their bodies and they are buried in the land of Karbala.

Those who took part in harming the family of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam did not die an easy death. Moving forwarded to the 66th year of Hijri, the new appointed governor of Kufa was Mukhtar ibn Abu Abdillah. He gathered all the men who took part in the battle against Hussain (rd) and he executed each and every one of them, severing their heads from their bodies.

It has been narrated that dogs dragged the body of Shimr through the streets of Kufa. Imam Tirmidhi (r) narrates in his Jami’ that when Ubaidullah ibn Ziyad was beheaded, they took his head to the Masjid. A huge serpent came out and went into the head of Ubaidullah ibn Ziyad. It remained in there for a time and then it appeared and then disappeared and then appeared again. Each time the head beckoned saying “come again, come again” and it disappeared into the head again. This happened around two to three times before it finally disappeared completely.

Imam Zahabi narrates in one of his books that one of the travellers said he went to Kufa and he stayed at a certain person’s house. The traveller said to the host that all those who took part against Hussain (rd) died a treacherous death. The host replied “You’re lying because I am one of them and nothing happened to me!” That evening he went to straighten a lantern and his fingers got stuck on the lantern. So he tried to blow the lantern out and his beard caught on fire. He managed to find water and jumped into it, however he was still burnt like a charcoal.

This day, the 10th of Muharram, even before the coming of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam, held a lot of importance because it was on this day that Allah swt accepted the repentance of Adam (as). It was on this day that the ark of Nuh (as) stopped on mount Judi. It was on this day that Yunus (as) came out of the belly of the whale. It was on this day that Musa (as) crossed the ocean with the Bani Isra’eel. It was on this day that Ibraheem (as) came out of fire that he was thrown into. Then the greatest event that took place on this day was the martyrdom of Hussain (rd) and this event took over in beauty over the rest of the events and after this another great event which is yet to come is yawmul Qiyamah, which will also take place on the 10th of Muharram on the day of Friday.

Apart from being one of the greatest sorrows that beheld the Ummah for even just a moment, this day holds a great lesson for every believer. As evident from the above event taht took place, sometimes, sacrifices, no matter how great, have to be made in order to please Allah swt and his Rasool-e-Kareem sallallahu alayhi wasallam and one must stay strong against disbelief because no amount of leniency will ever make ones Akhirah. Hussain (rd) knew this and even though he was from amongst those who were given the glad tidings of being one of the leaders of the youth of Jannah, he still fought for what was right.

He was sacrificed in order for the believing men and the believing women to realize that this Dunya is temporary and the real abode is the Akhirah. The days leading to his final moments were made a lesson for people to know that Allah swt sometimes puts people through great trials and tribulations in order to gain higher statuses in Jannah!

The 10th of Muharram should not be a mourning day for any person because Hussain (rd) is not a person we should be feeling sorry for. In fact the people we should worry about and feel sorry for, is our own selves because we have no clue as to whether we will be amongst the dwellers of Jannah or Jahannam.

Hussain (rd)’s abode was Jannah and he knew this. Yet to him, pleasing Allah swt was still so important that even when he was in troubled waters he turned to Allah swt. He remembered Allah swt, he prayed to him and so such is his honour in the court of Allah swt that Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam himself will bare witness to his shahadah.

Abdullah ibn Abbas (rd) says “The day Hussain (rd) passed away; I saw Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam in a dream. He had dirty clothing and he had a glass full of blood in his hand. So I asked him, “Oh Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam! Where have you come from?” And He replied “I have come from witnessing the martyrdom of Hussain (rd). On the day of judgement, I will give witness to the martyrdom of Hussain (rd).”

May Allah swt deal with the people who finished the progeny of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam as they deserve and May He help us to strive for Jannah and May we all meet there! Ameen.

All praise is to Allah swt at the beginning and at the end.

May you be rewarded for visiting my page and may we all benefit. Ameen.

The Katibah.

Sources:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UjMjOhvZNG0

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OuQ7ALsDJvg&index=2&list=PLJs9dXiNOVHRuJS27zxhFMmbL7nig3_rq

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wiPm6m-d3Yc

The legacy Of Umar Ibn Khattab rd (part 2)

All praise is due to Allah swt, the lord of the worlds and may His peace and blessings be upon His final prophet and messenger, Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam.

All the sahaba rd contributed towards Islam in many different ways. For example, Abdullah bin Masood (rd) contributed his knowledge of weaponry, whilst Khalid bin Waleed (rd) contributed his knowledge of war strategy. Uthmaan bin Affan (rd) and Abdur-Rahman bin Auf (rd), both multimillionaires of the time, contributed towards Islam with means of wealth. This does not mean to say that they did not contribute in any other way but rather this was what they were famously known for. Amongst these examples is that of Umar Ibn Khattab (rd).

What did Umar Ibn khattab (rd) do to contribute towards Islam? Or rather should we ask what did he not do? Umar Ibn khattab (rd) was that sahaba about whom Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam  has said that verily, Allah has placed the truth on the tongue of Umar Ibn khattab (rd).

Umar Ibn khattab (rd) was given the title Al-farooq. Meaning the differentiator. He differentiated between truth and falsehood. Right and wrong. And this is exactly how we should be in matters of Deen or otherwise. Through the knowledge that we acquire, the duty that befalls us is that we show people right from wrong. It is our duty to set that example. From the life of Umar Ibn khattab (rd), this is likely the greatest lesson we can learn.

However, Umar Ibn Khattab rd did not stop at just differentiating between right and wrong. No! Umar Ibn khattab (rd), during his ten and a half years of khilafah spread Islam as far Pakistan. His call to Islam reached out 22, 00 000 square miles from Madinah Munawwarh.  He conquered Rome, Syria, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Palestine, Jordan, Israel, Lebanon, parts of turkey, central Asia, Yemen, Oman, Pakistan, India, Africa and Western Europe. Overall, according to one estimate, Umar Ibn Khattab (rd), during his reign of khilafah, bought more than 4050 countries into the Islamic empire. When Umar Ibn Khattab rd passed away, his rule extended all the way from present day Libya in the west to the Indus River in the east and the Oxus River in the north.

I am not saying that following his example we should go out and conquer countries. What I am trying to say is Look at his zeal for spreading Islam. He thought outside the box and he made it his mission in life to spread Islam as far and as wide as possible. We can take a great example from this because most of us have the means and ability to spread Islam as far and as wide as possible.

During his ten and a half years of khilafah, Umar (rd) established child benefit. One night a caravan of travellers come to Madinah Munawwarah and Umar Ibn khattab (rd), this ameerul mumineen we are talking about, says to Abdur Rahman bin Auf (rd), “Come Abdur Rahman! Let us serve these people”. So they both go to serve, to do whatever they can. Umar Ibn Khattab (rd) hears a child crying. So he goes to the mother and he says to her, “make your child stop crying”. After sometime this child is still crying and so Umar Ibn Khattab (rd) goes back to her and he exclaims, “What a bad mother you are! Your child is still crying. What is the matter with him?” And the mother, not knowing who she’s speaking to says, “the reason why he is crying is because I am trying to wean him off because Umar, the ameerul mumineen, has said that every child in the Muslim world who has stopped breast feeding receives an allowance”. Umar Ibn Khattab (rd) asks her how old the child is and she says he is so and so many months old and Umar Ibn Khattab (rd) tells her not to rush him. Then the time for Fajr Salaah comes and Umar Ibn Khattab (rd) stands on the prayer mat and Abdur Rahman bin Auf (rd) says that “I swear by Allah! I could not even understand a word that Umar recited in the Fajr prayer because Umar cried so much”. Then Umar Ibn Khattab (rd) finished his Salaah and he turned around and he says to himself, “Woe unto you oh Umar! How many children have you killed because of your rule!”. And then he set an allowance for every child born in the Muslim world. Thus establishing child benefit.

Umar Ibn Khattab rd established an allowance for people with disabilities. He established carers for people who could not look after themselves. Umar Ibn Khattab rd established an allowance for every person in the Muslim world who could not work. As a matter of fact, 4 days before his death, Umar Ibn Khattab rd had a vision that should he live till the next year, no woman in the Muslim world would need anyone besides him to provide for her.

Umar Ibn Khattab rd left us a legacy and it is a legacy that we should take an example from. He was gifted with knowledge. It was said that Umar Ibn Khattab rd possessed 9/10 of knowledge and he used this knowledge to put Islam in the lime light.  The example we can take from this is that our actions should be such that we can shine the flag of Islam and what we do should be done for the betterment of the Islamic world in general.

Umar Ibn Khattab rd was one of the most powerful men on earth. He was a man of great knowledge. Yet he lived a simple life and spread the call of Islam. He lived his life in accordance to that of the sunnah and Allah swt granted him everything he desired.

The thing that he most desired was Jannah! And Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam  on more than one occasion had let him know that he would be amongst the dwellers of Jannah. Hadhrat Anas Ibn Malik (rd) narrates: “The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam  said: ‘I walked into Paradise and I saw a gold palace. I asked, “Who does it belong to?” They replied, “To a man from Quraysh”. I thought that it was me. I asked, “Who is he?” They replied, ‘Umar Ibn Khattab (rd).'” (Reported by at-Tirmidhi, Ahmad, and Ibn Hibban)

May Allah swt accept what has been said and may we be give us ability to fulfil the rights of this knowledge that we are acquire. Ameen.

All praise is to Allah swt at the beginning and at the end.

May you be rewarded for visiting my page and may we all benefit. Ameen.

The Katibah.

The legacy of Umar Bin Khattab rd (part 1)

All praise is due to Allah swt, the lord of the worlds and may His peace and blessings be upon His final prophet and messenger, Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam .

Going back 1400 years ago, the English year is 616 AD and it is the 5th year of nabuwwat. In the deserts of Arabia, in Makkah Mukarramah, it is a morning like any other.The Muslims all over Makkah are being tortured for believing in the oneness of Allah swt. The disbelievers are indulging in whatever they see fit to be doing as leaders and not many people are heeding to the call of Allah’s Rasul sallallahu alayhi wasallam.

On this particular Wednesday, Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam’s best friend and companion, Abu bakr rd, goes out of his house towards the haram to pray. But no sooner does he start praying that the disbelievers begin to physically abuse him. So badly is he beaten that it is hard to even recognise him from the features of his face due to the amount of blood covering it. As a matter of fact, he is beaten so badly that due to the swelling, his hair is falling out. He loses consciousness and the people of Banu Tameem, his family, come and take him away and announce that if Abu bakr rd dies, in retaliation they will kill Utbah Bin Rabeeah. Seeing as they have announced this, the tension in Makkah is rising because Abu bakr rd, even towards the night has not gained consciousness. He remains in this condition till the later part of the morning on Thursday. He wakes up just before the afternoon and immediately he asks “How fairs the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wasallam”. His family become angry and say to him “Despite being beaten because of him you still ask about him?!”.

The quraysh valued and took pride in hospitality, so they tell his mother to feed him and saying so they leave them alone. His mother tries to give him milk but Abu bakr rd refuses to drink it and says “No tell me now how the Prophet of Allah sallallahu alayhi wasallam is and then I will drink this milk”. His mother who was not a Muslim yet says “How do I know how your companion is!”. So Abu bakr rd says “Call Umme jameel”. (Umme jameel rd was the sister of Umar Ibn khattab rd, the 2nd caliph of Islam who was born 3 years after the year of the elephants and he was from the elite of the quraysh. So at this time he was about 42 years of age.)
Umme Abu bakr rd calls Umme jameel rd and Abu bakr rd asks her; “Where is Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam?”. Umme Jameel replies “He is at Zaid Ibn Arkam rd’s house. He is fine”. She is trying to console him and trying to tell him that “Abu bakr your hurt. Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam on the other hand is safe and so you rest.” But Abu bakr rd is still not satisfied and he says “take me to him”.

He puts one hand on Umme Abu-Bakr rd’s shoulder and one on Umme jameel rd’s shoulder and he goes to Zaid Ibn Arkam rd’s house which was not far from his house. Abu Bakr rd enters the house of Zaid Ibn Arkam rd. Upon seeing him, Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam begins to cry. They hug and Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam cries so much that he begins to hiccup. Abu Bakr rd seeing this as an opportunity asks Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam to pray for his mother and so Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam makes du’aa to Allah swt and Abu bakr rd’s mother accepts Islam. Now seeing the state of Abu bakr [rd], Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam feels helpless and he raises his hands towards the heavens. Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam prays to Allah swt saying “Oh Allah! I am asking you for Umar Ibn khattab rd. My lord there two Umars’. One is Umar Ibn khattab rd and the other is Amr Ibn Hisham (who was known as Abu jahl). So Oh Allah! Give me one of the two and if you ask me who I prefer from the two, I would say Umar Ibn khattab rd.  My choice would specially be Umar Ibn khattab, so oh Allah grant me this”. This du’aa was made on Friday night, In between Thursday and Friday.

Come Friday morning, the leaders of Quraysh have gathered in their place of council. They are discussing their problems and all round it is being said that the problem with Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam is getting worse, so what should be done about it? Everyone is giving their own opinion and the opinion of Umar Ibn khattab rd is to kill Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam. The Quraysh ask “But WHO will kill Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam?”.Umar rd says “I, myself, will kill Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam” and the quraysh reply; “Yes! Indeed there is no one who is more capable of doing this deed better than you and there is no one who is more braver than you to face the Banu Hashim, the Banu Abdul Muttalib”.

Now look at the beauty of this scene. Here, on earth, Umar Ibn khattab rd gives his opinion to kill Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam and he is getting ready to do this deed and in the heavens Allah swt is getting Umar rd ready for the demise of his own ignorance.

Umar rd angrily strides towards his house, he takes an unsheathed sword and he starts going towards Rasulullah  sallallahu alayhi wasallam’s house, not knowing that the only thing being killed this day will be his own ignorance. On the way he meets Nu’ib bin Masood rd. He asks him “Oh Umar! This unsheathed sword? The signs of anger? Where are you going Oh Umar?”. Umar rd replies “Today I am going to finish Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam and his work. Nu’ib Ibn Masood rd is surprised and he says “Oh Umar! Look towards your own family first!”. Umar rd asks “why?” Nu’ib Ibn Masood replies “your own sister has accepted Islam. Your brother-in-law has accepted Islam!”. The reason for Nu’ib rd saying this was not to harm Umme Jameel rd but rather to keep Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam safe from harm.

Now Umar rd is even angrier than before. He focuses all his anger towards his sister and his brother-in-law. He goes towards his sister’s house. Inside, Khabbab rd is teaching them how to recite the Qur’aan. Umar rd knocks on the door. Umme Jameel rd recognises his knock and cries out “It is Umar!”. Khabbab rd runs and hides behind the curtains. She opens the door and upon entering Umar rd says “It seems to me that you have abandoned your faith”. He give her a hard slap and she falls to the ground. Then he throws his brother in law Sa’eed Ibn Zaid rd to the ground and he begins to beat him up and he doesn’t stop until he becomes tired. When he stops, Umme Jameel rd says to him “Oh Umar! Do as you wish! We will never give up the truth”.

By this time Umar rd has calmed down. In their rush to hide the truth from Umar rd, Umme Jameel rd had left  the Qur’aan sheets out. Umar rd sees it and he asks “what it is?”. Umme jameel rd takes them off him and says “No! You cannot touch them as you are unclean”. At this moment Umar rd really looks at his sister. He sees her bleeding and he feels ashamed for what he has done and so he asks “What must I do to see them?”. She tells him to take a bath. Umar rd takes a bath and he comes out. She hands over the sheets and he begins to read Surah Taha and he comes to the verse:
إنني أنا الله• لا إله إلا انا•

Verily I am Allah! There is no god besides ME!

When Umar rd reaches this verse, his heart begins to tremble. Imaan begins to flow through his veins. His face becomes enlightened with the light of Imaan and he says to his sister “Take me Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم”. When he says this, Khabbab rd comes out from his hiding place and he says to Umar rd “Oh what glad tidings! Oh Umar! It seems that the du’aa of last night has been accepted!”

With his sword still in his hands, Umar rd walks toward the house of Zaid Ibn Arkam rd and the sahaba upon seeing him say to Rasulullah  sallallahu alayhi wasallam: “Oh Prophet of Allah sallallahu alayhi wasallam! Umar is coming! Umar is coming! Hamzah rd, who had accepted Islam just days before Umar rd, says to the sahaba “Let him come. If his intentions are good then he is fortunate but if his intentions are bad then I will take his head off with his own sword”.

Umar rd knocks on the door, he enters the house. Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam takes a look at him, he takes hold of Umar rd’s kurta. He pulls him and he says “Oh Umar! Has not the time come for you to declare the kalimah la ilaha illallah?” Umar rd replies “Yes! The time has come! I say there is no god but Allah and Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam is his messenger. The sahaba began to rejoice and the takbeer was said so loudly that it could be heard in the streets of Makkah Mukarramah. At the same time,  Jibraeel as comes down from the heavens and he asks Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam; “Oh Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam! Are you happy that Umar has accepted Islam?” Rasulullah saw replies “Yes!” And Jibraeel as in replies “Oh Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam! Even the ahlus sama’, the angels, are rejoicing upon his acceptance of Islam!”

It was from this moment that Umar rd started contributing towards Islam in a way that we, as students of knowledge, should take an example from. From the time that Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam was given nabuwwah till he sallallahu alayhi wasallam passed away, many people became Muslims and most became his sahaba [rd]. (To be continued)

All praise is to Allah swt at the beginning and at the end.

May you be rewarded for visiting my page and may we all benefit. Ameen.

The Katibah.

Bilal the Believer (rd)

All praise is due to Allah swt, the lord of the worlds and may His peace and blessings be upon His final prophet and messenger, Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam.

One of my first stories! In a time where our Imaan is always tried and tested, it is the likes of Bilal rd we need to remember. May Allah swt let us take a lesson from what we are about to read. Ameen!

I would like you to close your eyes for a while and take yourself back to the time of the early days of nabuwwat when Muslims all over Makkah were being tortured for believing in the oneness Allah swt. Amongst these Muslims was one sahabi by the name of Bilal Ibn Rabah al Habashi rd. He was the son of a former princess of Ethiopia (formerly known as Abyssinia) who was sold into slavery. So when Bilal rd was born, he was also given up for slavery and he was sold to Umayya bin Khalaf.

Bilal rd worked for Umayya bin khalaf for sometime and then accepted Islam when Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam started spreading the message of peace. When Umayya bin Khalaf found out Bilal rd had accepted Islam, he became furious and he tortured him days on end, on hot burning sand and he would command Bilal rd to give up his faith in Allah swt. But Bilal rd stayed strong in his conviction and would only utter one word. Ahad! Ahad! One! One! No amount of torturing stopped these words coming out of his mouth. This went on for days until one day Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi  wasallam could no longer see him being tortured and so He asked the sahaba rd if there was anyone amongst them who could free Bilal rd and so Abu bakr rd, being Abu bakr rd, bought him and freed him for the sake of Allah swt.

Time passed and many of the Muslims migrated to Madinah Munawwarah. As a matter of fact ten years passed in Madinah Munawwarh and many events took place. Many battle took place, many more people accepted Islam, and Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam performed hajj and umrah. During this time Bilal rd was appointed by Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam as the first mu’azhin of Islam.

So ten years of hijrah passed and the eleventh year set in. The last ayah of the Qur’aan had been revealed and Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam’s time in this world had come to an end. It was the 12th of Rabi ul awwal, the 7th of June 633AD and Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam’s soul had been lifted from this world. Innalillahi wa inna ilayhi raji’oon.

The atmosphere in Madinah was one of anger, fear, sadness and emptiness. As a matter of fact so much anger and fear had filled the air that the father-in-law of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam, Umar bin khattab rd, was threatening to kill anyone who so much as even thought about saying that Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam had passed from this world. Why? Because that being who used to guide them from darkness to light, had passed away. That person who would not judge them without the command of Allah swt, had been taken away. Their source of guidance was now gone and amongst these broken hearted sahaba’s was one Bilal Ibn Rabah rd.

On the 12th of Rabi ul awwal, Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam had departed from this world and the time of zuhr set in. Bilal rd got on the Ansari woman’s roof, from which he used to give azaan and he begansto call out the azaan.

Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar.
Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar.
Ash hadu an la ilaha illallah.
Ash hadu an la ilaha illallah.

Then Bilal rd came to Ash hadu anna muhammadur rasulullah, and he began to cry and he cried and cried and cries until he was no longer capable of giving azaan. Bilal rd was crying and the whole of Madinah hearing the cry of Bilal rd began to cry. He somehow contains his grief, controls himself and then quickly finishes off the azaan. He got off the roof and he voweds there and then that after today I will never give azaan again.

Bilal rd then waited until after the burial of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam, he went to the new khaleef, Abu bakr rd, and he asked him for permission to go to jihad. At first Abu bakr rd refuseds and so Bilal rd said; “Oh Abu Bark! If you freed me for yourself then keep me here. But if you freed me for the sake of Allah swt, then let me go.” So Abu bakr rd gave him permission to go for jihad to Syria.

For 6 months Bilal rd did not return to Madinah Munawwarah. Approximately a 100,000 sahaba went for jihad and during these six months not one of them did ziyarah of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam in their dreams. But on this particular night, 6 months later, Bilal rd sees Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam in his dream and Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam says; “Oh Bilal! What loyalty is this, that you do not even visit my city anymore?!”

Bilal rd opened his eyes. It was the middle of the night but Bilal rd did not even think about what he was doing. He took his camel and he began to walk. He walked and walked and he only stopped for fulfilling his needs and for doing wudhu.

On the seventh day Bilal rd reached Madinah Munawwarah. All this time, Bilal rd did not even remember that Rasulullah sallallahu alyhi wasallam was no longer amongst them. He could not even differentiate between a dream and reality. For him, that dream was reality. For him, he was in Syria and his Habeeb sallallahu alayhi wasallam, still alive in his mind, was calling him to Madinah Munawwarah.

So Bilal rd entered the boundaries of Madinah Munawwarah and he called out; “Labbayk ya Rasulullah! Labbayk ya Rasulullah! I am here, Oh Rasulullah! I am here, Oh Rasulullah! Then Bilal rd goes to the room of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam and now he began to remember that, yes that was a dream and Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam was no longer amongst them and he remembered how he could not even stay in Madinah Munawwarah after the demise of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam and so he went for jihad to Syria. Bilal rd began to profusely cry and he entered the hujrah (room) of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam and he called out; “Oh Rasulullah I am here but where are you?! Oh Rasulullah I am here but where are you?!” He fell on to the grave of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam and he cried until he lost consciousness.

The time for Salaah arrived. Masjid e Nabwi sallallahu alayhi wasallam was full and everyone knows Bilal rd had returned to Madinah Munawwarah. Everyone wanted Bilal rd to give azaan but knowing the vow that he had made, no one had the courage to ask him. So the sahaba rd made use of Hasan and Hussain rd, the grandsons of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam. They tell them; “Go to Bilal rd and tell him to give azaan. He will not listen to anyone but you two, he won’t refuse.”

Hasan and Hussain rd being young, they were only about 6-7 years of age at the time, so not knowing or understanding much about vows, go to Bilal rd and they stood in front of him. They say to him; “Uncle Bilal we have a request for you!” Bilal rd talking to the grandsons of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam, says to them; “May my life be sacrificed upon you! I am yours to command!” So in their innocence, they say to him; “You know how you used to give azaan for our grandfather? Today we want you to give azaan for us like that!” Bilal rd began to weep and he says to them; “I had made a vow that I would never give azaan again but how can I refuse you, the grandsons my Habeeb  sallallahu alayhi wasallam?! I break my vow and I will give kaffarah.” Saying so he stood on the same Ansari woman’s roof and he says Allahu Akbar and chaos broke out in the streets of Madinah Munawwarah. People began to wail in the Masjid of Allah’s Nabi sallallahu alayhi wasallam. Men and women ran in and out of their homes tearing their hair out because it was a reminder of the time when Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam was amongst them.

After this Bilal rd tried to stay in Madinah Munawwarah but it was very hard for him because everywhere he looked, it reminded him of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam. So after some time he packed whatever little he had and he headed towards Baitul Muqaddis.

Now time passed again. Abu bakr rd had passed away. The khilafah of Umar bin khattab rd had set in and the time for the conquest of Masjid e Aqsa arrived. The patriot says he will only give the keys into the hands of Umar rd. So Umar rd journeyed from Madinah Munawwarah to Baitul Maqaddis.

Baitul Muqaddis had been conquered and the first Salaah being prayed in Masjid e Aqsa was the Friday prayer. 36, 000 Sahaba had travelled to Baitul Muqaddis and every one of them wanted Bilal rd to give the azaan . But Bilal rd refused and so the Ameerul Mu’mineen, Umar bin khattab rd says to Bilal rd; “Bilal today you give azaan!” So Bilal rd, not being able to refuse the command of Ameerul Mu’mineen, stood by the place where Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam tied the Buraq (the flying  horse sent from heaven) and he says Allahu Akbar. Every single one of the sahaba rd began to cry and fell to the ground because they remember their Rasul sallallahu alayhi wasallam.

Years had once again passed. It was the 20th year of hijrah. Bilal rd was 60 years of age and he was on his death bed. His wife says; “Oh what grief!” And Bilal rd say; “No! Say, Oh what happiness! because tomorrow I will meet Allah’s Rasul sallallahu alayhi wasallam and the sahaba rd that have departed from this world”. Saying this Bilal rd repeats the words he said so many years ago when he accepted Islam and so many times since then, Ash hadu an laa ilaha illallah wa ash hadu anna muhammadar rasulullah and he closed his eyes, his head fell to his chest and Bilal rd departed from this world. Inna lillahi wa inna ilayhi raji’oon.

In a Hadeeth Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam says; “None of you is a true believer until I am dearer to him than his child, his father and the whole of mankind.” If we look through the life of Bilal rd, we will see that he lived and breathed in accordance to these words because never once did he ever let anything in between him and his love for Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam. It was due to this very reason that in a narration Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam says; “Everyone will gather on the plains of hashr and Bilal rd will give azaan and the whole of mankind will hear his azaan.”

May Allah swt make us dearer to Him and may he become dear to us. Ameen.

All praise is due to Allah swt at the beginning and at the end.

May you be rewarded for visiting my page and may we all benefit. Ameen.

The Katibah.

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