Education and Children in Islam

All praise is due to Allah SWT, Lord of the worlds and May His peace and blessings be upon His final prophet and messenger, Muhammad ﷺ.

Ninety-three years after Hijrah, the same year that Anas bin Malik rd passed away. A woman in Madinah Munawwarah named Aaliyah bint Shareek gave birth to a baby boy named Malik ibn Anas ibn Malik ibn Abi Amir. This baby like many of his family before him would have bought with him many hopes and dreams of manners and knowledge.

His grandfather Malik ibn Abi Amir RA moved to Madinah Munawwarah from Yemen during the caliphate of Umar bin Khattab RD and was a student of the companions of the Prophet ﷺ. He studied and served with the Khulafa-e-Rashideen and his children and their children all grew up to be scholars of Islam.

However, little Malik growing up was not very religious. He used to spend most of his time playing with pigeons. His ambition was to become a musician and his mother would constantly try to talk him out of it. She would habitually make him wear a turban and would tell him to go and study knowledge. She would tell him to go to Rabee’a, who was the prominent scholar of the time and would tell him to learn his Abad before his Ilm.

Hence, Malik sat with Rabee’a for two years to please his mother but did not benefit from him. He still wanted to pursue his career in the music industry. So even after two years, he did not dedicate himself to knowledge. In a un-scholar like manner, he used to wear earrings. He would practice his singing and as before, he spent a lot of time playing with his pigeons.

One day, his father asked him and his brother An-Nadr a question. His brother answered correctly but Malik made a mistake. In frustration, his father told him that his pigeons have made him too busy to seek knowledge. He got very angry at this remark and decided to dedicate himself to knowledge to prove his father wrong.

Donning on Islamic attire, Malik went to spend seven years with Abdullah ibn Yazid ibn Hurmus, a blind prominent scholar who had been through a lot of hardship and did not mix with anyone else during this time. Then he spent another five years with him and some other scholars.

Today, we know this Malik as Imam Malik RA. The author of the Muwwata-e-Imam Malik, one of the greatest hadith books compiled.

Now before I expand on this story, let me set another scene for you.

This year, May 2018. So many students will have taken their exams and now is the waiting game. The nervous anticipation. The hopes of passing. The prayers to succeed. Many will be eagerly awaiting. Some will be asking the question, have I passed. Did I do enough to succeed? However, at the same, some will be having nervous breakdowns whilst others will be completely relaxed.

This scene is so similar to another that we are yet to experience. Yes! I am talking about that event that every living soul will experience on the day of Judgement. However, I am not talking about you in general. No! Our worry and concern are the children of this Ummah who are the inheritors of the prophets of Allah SWT.

At a young age, we allow our children to do as they wish. Our thinking is that these children are young and should live their youth as they wish. Once they grow up, naturally, they will begin to be more inclined towards Islam. We allow them to do as they wish. From dressing them up according to the latest trends; to watching the latest musicals and playing video games in which modesty and mercy have no place. Why? Because we do not want our child to “miss out” and at the end of the day, everything is completely fine because our children go to madrasah anyway.

However, what happens? These children become teenagers, and what do they wish to do? They wish to listen to the latest hits, they want to dress according to the latest trends, they want the latest games, no matter what is in them and Islam has no place in their hearts. Going to learn about Islam is a burden and they only come to Madrasah because we, as Muslim parents, send them.

Years will pass and then? It is the day of Judgement. Along with everyone else, we will be standing on the plains of Reckoning, awaiting our judgement. Our sons or daughters will be standing in front of Allah SWT and Allah SWT will question our children. “Tell me son or daughter of so and so, why did you not act upon the Qur’an and Sunnah, despite being upon Islam?”

Regarding this day, Allah SWT says in the Glorious Qur’an,

On the Day a man will flee from his brother، and his mother and his father، and his wife and his children. Every man, that Day, will have enough to make him careless of others.
(Abasa: 34-37)

In this state on that day, can anyone of us think that if the carelessness has been on our part, will our children refrain from mentioning it?

I am sure, we have heard the words “The mother’s lap is the first Madrasah”, countless times. However, what do these words mean?

By nature, every believing parent worries about his or her child’s Islamic upbringing. There is always a certain degree of anxiousness when it involves getting the child to carry out an Islamic injunction. Moreover, when the child refuses to act upon it, it is always frustrating.

It is from amongst the children’s rights that their parents begin to encourage them towards Islamic injunctions when they reach the age of seven. Nevertheless, it is never easy to start something new with a seven years old child. By this age, children begin to express their own feelings and thoughts and they wish to know the reason behind every action.

This is why when children start school at the age of four; they are taught how to recognise letters and to read. It is easier for them to learn because they are more open-minded and adventurous. In this way, by the age of seven, they are completely independent and can read by themselves.

It has been narrated on the authority of Ibn ‘Umar (rd) that Rasulullah ﷺ said:

Beware! Every one of you is a shepherd and everyone is answerable with regard to his flock. The Caliph is a shepherd over the people and shall be questioned about his subjects (as to how he conducted their affairs). A man is a guardian over the members of his family and shall be questioned about them (as to how he looked after their physical and moral well-being). A woman is a guardian over the household of her husband and his children and shall be questioned about them (as to how she managed the household and brought up the children). A slave is a guardian over the property of his master and shall be questioned about it (as to how he safeguarded his trust). Beware! Every one of you is a guardian and every one of you shall be questioned with regard to his trust. (Sahih Muslim)

Thus, we come back to our point that the mother’s lap is the first madrasah. Why? Because the mother contributes the bigger share and plays the dominant role in the early training and education of her children.

By any or all means necessary, it is up to the mother to save the children by giving them a good Islamic education. Therefore, to ensure that our children lead a successful life according to the standards set by Islam, we as parents should dutifully train and educate them.

Allah SWT says in the glorious Qur’an,

Invite to the way of your Lord with wisdom and fair preaching, and argue with them with that which is best. Truly, your Lord knows best who has strayed from His path, and He knows best those who are guided.
(An-Nahl: 125)

This verse does not only apply to the person calling others towards Islam but us parents too. As parents, it is our duty to guide with wisdom, affection, patience and steadfastness.

In connection to this Allah SWT says:

O you who have believed, protect yourselves and your families from a Fire whose fuel is people and stones, over which are [appointed] angels, harsh and severe; they do not disobey Allah in what He commands them but do what they are commanded.
(Tahreem: 6)

Commentating on this verse, the interpreters of the Qur’an have said:

“It is an obligation for the Muslim to teach his near family members, and his male and female slaves what Allah has made obligatory for them and what Allah has forbidden for them.”

A Hadith confirms the meaning of this Ayah. It is recorded in Abu Dawood that Rasulullah ﷺ said,

“Order the children to pray when they reach the age of seven and when they reach the age of ten, discipline them (for not performing it).”

Now going back to the story of Imam Malik RA, Look at the way that Allah SWT works. Unbeknown to him, Allah SWT had great plans for little Imam Malik RA. He may not have wanted to pursue the Religion of Allah but Allah SWT made his mother and father a source of guidance towards his Religion.

Especially his mother, who always encouraged him to study with the Scholars and not only did she encourage him but she also guided him to the person who she thought was the most learnt amongst the Scholars of Madinah Munawwarah. We can only imagine how much worry and concern she must have had for her child that Allah SWT took away from her, her deepest concern. However, to what extent?! Subhanallah!

The Prophet ﷺ said in the Musnad of Imam Ahmad;

“There will come a time where people will strike the thighs of their camels, travelling the world to seek knowledge. (Meaning people will travel all over the world) and they will not find anyone more knowledgeable than the scholar of Madinah.”

By the consensus of many scholars, this Scholar of Madinah refers to Imam Malik RA.

I am sure many of us here will be able to relate to Imam Malik’s RA story. We have all heard of or come across a youth who have unfortunately gone towards the wrong path.

We live in corrupt times, where every corner that we turn, we see either immorality or disgrace and during this time, we have upon us the burden of bringing up pious children who will, Insha Allah, safeguard the Religion of Allah SWT.

Now you may be thinking, it is so much easier said than done and you would be right in thinking that. It is much harder. Not only have times changed but so has the society. We no longer live in a world where the mother’s place is at home and the father is the sole breadwinner of the family. However, if we did not have the willpower to do so, then we would not have been given this blessing in the first place.

The basis of a good Islamic education and good morals starts at home. He who guides to good deeds is like the doer thereof and he who leads to bad deeds is like the doer thereof.

In essence, if parents bring up their children with a good Islamic foundation and the children act upon it, it will be regarded as Sadaqa-e-Jariyyah. On the contrary, if the parents neglected this duty then it will be regarded as Azaab-e-Jariyyah. Meaning that whatever evil the children do, the parents will get continuous punishment for it after their death.

If we impart upon our children a good Islamic education, on growing up they will act upon within the guidance of Islam and will become a good source of education for others, thus Allah SWT will reward us for all their good actions continuously in the hereafter for their efforts.

Rasulullah ﷺ has said,

“When a person dies, all his deeds come to an end except three: sadaqah jaariyah (ongoing charity, e.g. a waqf or endowment), beneficial knowledge (which he has left behind), or a righteous child who will pray for him.” (Reported by al-Tirmidhi)

May Allah SWT accept from us and you. Ameen.

All praise is due to Allah SWT at the beginning and at the end.

thekatibahwrites

Resources used;

http://seekershub.org/blog/2011/03/is-the-hadith-the-scholars-are-the-inheritors-of-the-prophets-authentic-if-so-what-does-it-mean-faraz-rabbani

https://quran.com/

 

 

 

 

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Building a Connection

All praise is due to Allah ﷻ, Lord of the worlds and May His peace and blessings be upon His final prophet and messenger, Muhammad ﷺ.

Once in Madinah during the time of Rasulullah ﷺ, a companion, Aws bin Samit (rd) became displeased with his wife, Khowla bint Tha’labah (rd) and gave her a talaaq-e-zihaar. This was a type of divorce which was issued in the time of ignorance. The husband would say “You are to me like the back of my mother”. These words likened his relationship with his wife to his relationship with his mother and made his wife forbidden to him forever. Even after marrying another man, the wife would not be able to ever remarry her first husband again.

Khowla bint Tha’labah (rd) was an old woman and no longer at an age to remarry. Any person can imagine how distressed she must have felt and as was the habit of the companions, she ran to Rasulullah ﷺ with her problem.

Rasulullah ﷺ was residing at Aishah’s (rd) house at the time. Khowla (rd) came and said; “Oh Rasulullah ﷺ! My husband has given me a talaaq-e-zihaar. What do you command”?

Until this time, Rasulullah ﷺ had not received any revelation related to the matter and so he said; “Oh Khowla! You have become forbidden for him”. This was the ruling according to the customs of the time.

Upon hearing this reply, Khowla (rd) pleaded; “Oh Rasulullah ﷺ! He spent my wealth, exhausted my youth and my womb bore abundantly for him. When I became old and unable to bear children, he pronounced zihaar on me. Where shall I go and how will my children do their living?”

But once again Rasulullah ﷺ replied; “Oh Khowla! You have become forbidden for him.” She pleaded again; “Oh Rasulullah ﷺ! Please review your answer”. But Rasulullah ﷺ realised that Khowla (rd) was not going to listen so he bowed his head and did not reply.

Khowla (rd) saw this and so she said; “Oh Rasulullah ﷺ! I will complain directly to your lord”! She raised her hands to the heavens and she spoke quietly to Allah ﷻ; “Oh Allah! I bring my complaint directly to you. I have small children. I do not have the strength or money to feed them. Nor can I rely on their father as he has also become old. Oh Allah! Send a decision in my favour on your prophet’s tongue”. Suddenly the signs of revelation being revealed were noted on Rasulullah ﷺ and once he was relieved, he smiled; “Oh Khowla! Allah has revealed in regards to you and your husband.

Allah ﷻ revealed;

Indeed Allah has heard the talk of the woman who was debating with you concerning her husband and was complaining to Allah. And Allah was hearing the conversation between you both. Verily, Allah is All-Hearing, All-Seeing.

(Surah Mujadalah, verse 1)

Subhanallah! The connection that Khowla (rd) had with Allah ﷻ speaks directly to my soul. Just try to imagine yourself in the presence of Rasulullah ﷺ. How fortunate would that person be! No person would even think of asking anyone else for confirmation of what was said. Yet here was Khowla (rd). She was a woman and she was old. But her connection with Allah ﷻ was so strong that when she realised that Rasulullah ﷺ was not going to listen to her, she turned to Allah ﷺ. Not because she did not believe in Rasulullah ﷺ. But because she knew that Allah ﷻ answered the prayer of the person in distress.

In Surah Ghafir, Allah ﷻ says;

And your Lord says, “Call upon Me; I will respond to you.”

But when will Allah ﷻ respond?

He will “respond” when you believe in Him. When your conviction in Him is so strong that be it in a time of need or not, you know that Allah ﷻ is there for you. When you believe without a doubt, that He is forever present.

Take a look at Khowla (rd). What did she do that made her so special, that Allah ﷻ revealed the Qur’aan to Rasulullah ﷺ in response to her call. The only thing that she did was ask Allah ﷻ to reveal a ruling in her favour with conviction in her heart.

Khowla (rd) spoke to Allah ﷻ. She prolonged her call. She beautified her speech like she was talking to her lover. She did not just simply say “Oh Allah! Give me this!” She knew that Allah ﷻ knew. But she was pleading her case in the court of Allah ﷻ and in response, Allah ﷻ revealed the Qur’aan. How truly amazing is that! Khowla (rd) made one plea to Allah ﷻ. Just one plea!

In a narration, Aishah (rd) says; “Pure is He, whose hearing encompasses all things. I heard what Khowla bint Tha’labah said about her husband while some of it I could not hear despite being so close to her in the same room, but Allah ﷻ heard her all her conversation and said; “Indeed, Allah has heard…”

Subhanallah! Allah ﷻ is All-Hearing, All-seeing. Allah ﷻ truly is the one who hears your plea, who hears your cry for help. He really is the only one who will not break your heart. When you call Him lovingly, when you call to Him in distress, when you talk to Him like there is no one else that you love more than Him, He will answer your call. And if you feel that Allah ﷻ has not answered your call, don’t feel disheartened. Just think that Allah ﷻ wants you to talk to Him for longer. Don’t demand from Allah ﷻ. He is not the one who is in need of us. Talk to Him! Plead with Him. Beg Him. Cry to Allah ﷻ. Plant your seed of hope in your prayers and see the miracles that grow in your life!

The key point to this lesson is we have to build a connection with Allah ﷻ if we want him to respond to our call and there is no better time to do this than in the month of Ramadhaan.

In a hadeeth, Rasulullah ﷺ says;

“When Ramadhaan begins, the gates of Paradise are opened, and the gates of Hell are closed, and the devils are chained up.”

(al-Bukhaari, 3277; Muslim, 1079)

Here is a golden opportunity. We have to take advantage of it. We have to build a connection with Allah ﷻ today. We cannot wait for tomorrow. Who has been promised the next minute, let alone tomorrow? We cannot wait around for next Ramadhaan. Who knows whether we will even see next Ramadhaan? There is only about a week left of Ramadhaan. How many of us can say that we have truly connected with Allah ﷻ in this month? How many of us can say that without a doubt we will not turn back to our old ways because our connection with Allah ﷻ is stronger than before?

Build a connection with Allah ﷻ before it’s too late. No one needs to know how you’re building your connection. That is between you and Allah ﷻ. All you need to remember is that it does not have to be something great. Start small. Give charity. Recite the Qur’aan more often. Stand up for the night pray. Anything. Just as long as you are doing something.

I know that this is easier said than done. We face obstacles in our path in the form of our own wishes and desires. We all have our ups and downs. But that’s ok. That’s life. We’re bound to have a bumpy ride. But as long as we are trying to connect with Allah ﷻ, we will Insha Allah be getting somewhere.

A wise person once said;

“The path to Allah ﷻ is long. It is not important that you reach the end. What is important is that you are on this path when you die.”

All praise is due to Allah ﷻ at the beginning and at the end.

May you be rewarded for visiting and May we all benefit. Ameen.

The Katibah.

Resources used:

Ma’riful Quran
Tafseer Ibn Katheer

A student of knowledge

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The Katibah.

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The Katibah.

Do I really need a teacher?

All praise is due to Allah the Almighty, Lord of the worlds and may His peace and blessings be upon his final Prophet and Messenger, Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam.

The great Maaliki scholar, Imaam Shaatbi (rahimahullah) [d. 790 A.H.] writes:
“The most effective and beneficial method of acquiring knowledge is to obtain it from its true bearers who possess it truly and completely.
People ask: “Is it possible to acquire knowledge without the medium of a teacher?”
While it is undoubtedly possible in the literal sense the scholars are unanimous that by and large, learning under a teacher is necessary and self-study is practically impossible.
They have also said: “Knowledge was in the hearts of men, then it moved to books; however its keys still lie in the hands of men (teachers).”
This statement advocates the necessity of acquiring knowledge from qualified teachers.
The proof of this is an authentic hadeeth of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam): “Indeed Allah Ta‘ala does not take away knowledge suddenly from the (hearts of the) people. Instead, He takes it by the demise of the ‘Ulama.”
Thus, qualified teachers are definitely the keys of knowledge and knowledge can only be acquired from them. This is also something extremely clear and logical.
(Al-Muwaafaqaat – vol. 1, pg. 82 – Summarized)
Ibnu Masood Institute

posted by : Shaykh Abdul Raheem Limbada (Facebook)

May you be rewarded for visiting my page and may we all benefit. Ameen.

All praise is due to Allah the Almighty at the beginning and at the end.

The Katibah.

Knowledge is Light

All praise is due to Allah the Almighty and may His peace and blessings be upon his final Prophet and Messenger Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam.

I recieved this a while back and thought it was quite interesting. The truth behind this matter is that when studying we focus so much on what is inside the book and we don’t really reflect on the meaning behind the little things.

Once a student sat with a teacher to read a text. As he opened the book, the teacher turned to him and said, “Have you ever asked yourself why the scholars use the word bāb (door) to title what you call chapters in English?”

The student responded, “Yes, but I did not give it a lot of thought.”

What followed was one of those special moments that can only happen when knowledge is passed from one heart to another:

“The word – bāb – is used because it reminds the student that he is entering a new realm. The realm of knowledge; that he is leaving a place of ignorance and entering into a place of understanding. Thus, he needs to have the proper character so the knowledge will touch his heart and mind.

“The word – bāb – is used because it reminds the student that, just as you enter a person’s home and are careful to make sure you have the right location, to knock with respect, to enter with humility, to sit gracefully, not complain about the food, if served, or the home, he has to seek knowledge, approach his teacher with humility and be satisfied with whatever is given to him, being thankful for what is given, polite and kind to his hosts.

“At the same time, it reminds the Shaykh to be gracious to his student, to treat him like his own, welcome him with a large heart and serve him the best he can, seeking God’s pleasure alone.

In short, this one word contains every Adab (etiquette) that Al-Ghazzali mentioned in the etiquette of the student and the etiquette of the teacher. Amazing! Truly amazing!!

“Finally, it reminds that student to be sincere, seeing God alone, since the bāb in the book reminds him of the doors (abwāb) of Paradise!

May you be rewarded for visiting my page and may we all benefit. Ameen.

All praise is due to Allah the at the beginning and at the end.

The Katibah.

Fourteen advices for Scholars and Teachers.

All praise is for Allah swt alone, lord of the worlds and may his peace and blessings be upon his final messenger, Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam.

Assalaamu’alaykum.w.w.

I pray that each and every one of you is in the best of health, wealth and Imaan. Ameen.

My respected brother/sister in Islam, before you read this post I would like to kindly request that you make no comment without thinking into the matter which you may want to criticise. There are times when we seem to think that what our Ulama have said is said without thought. However, we must remember that we are talking about the Ahlullah, who think deep and hard before making  any statement that may hurt their Aakhirah. My advice is most importantly advice to myself first and then to everyone else.

Fourteen advices for Ulama’ and Asatidha By Mufti Mahmood al-Hasan Gangohi

When Mufti Mahmood al-Hasan Gangohi (Allah have mercy on him) sent his beloved student, Mufti Ahmad Khanpuri (Allah protect him) to Dhabel to teach, he gave him 14 advices which is a great lesson for all teachers.

They are as follows:

1. Don’t look out for position and status. For example, do not demand to teach a certain book or ask to be posted to a certain position.

2. Don’t ever ask for money i.e. do not ask for a particular amount as a salary or demand an increase in salary.

3. If someone tells you that you are not worthy of something then accept it and think in your heart that really I am not worth anything. The madrasah authorities have seated me in this place. I make du’a that Allah grants me the ability to teach these books.

4. If any student asks you a question, answer him with compassion even though the intent of his question is to insult you.

5. If you do not understand any section in your book, perform two rak’ah salah al- hajah and engage in fervent du’a. Thereafter send some isal al-thawab for the author of the book provided the author is a Muslim.

6. Refrain from explaining to the students the lessons of a book that is taught by another teacher.

7. Don’t take personal service from the students. Mawlana Ashraf ‘Ali Thanawi (Allah have mercy on him) used to say that I regard it as haram (forbidden) on myself to take khidmat (service) from any of my students or murids (disciples).

8. Don’t mix around too much with the students. Many of them have their own personal agendas.

9. Be thankful to the students for having presented to you the farms of their hearts to sow the seeds of your ‘ilm (knowledge). Otherwise your ‘ilm would have remained untouched. Don’t ever feel that you are doing them a favour.

10. Students ask questions for different reasons. Some ask to show their capability and position whilst others ask just to irritate the ustadh. Answer every question positively and with wisdom. Don’t answer in a debating manner.

11. Daily recite Surah Ikhlas three times and send the rewards to the authors of the books that you are teaching, provided they are Muslims.

12. If you said something incorrect in the class don’t hesitate to retract your statement.

13. Don’t ever teach any book without muta’lah (preparation).

14. Don’t miss out your ma’mulat, zikr, tasbih and tilawah because of your commitment to teaching.

May you be rewarded for visiting my page and may we all benefit. Ameen.

All praise is due to Allah swt at the beginning and at the end.

The Katibah.

The massacre of Karbala

All praise is due to Allah swt, the lord of the worlds and May His peace and blessings be upon His final prophet and messenger, Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam.

Assalaamu’alaykum.w.w.

Since the beginning of Muharram, I have been thinking to myself that I should study about what happened at the time of Karbala. It must have been a time of acceptance because come a week later, there I was sitting in front of the Madrasah students giving a talk on Karbala. Alhumdulillah! Originally was meant to be in two parts but as I’ve finished both parts I’ve put it into one. Happy reading! 🙂

Through the ages Iraq has seen many massacres. Some of which have been so brutal that rivers of blood flowed through its streets. Of these massacres, the most inhumane took place in the 61st year of Hijri, on Friday the 10th of Muharram.

The story of Karbala in actual fact began on the 12th of Rabi ul awwal, the 11th year of Hijri. Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam had been informed that it was time for him to leave this world and so like any other person would do; He sallallahu alayhi wasallam began to say his final goodbyes. He bid farewell to his beloved sahaba, to his loving wives, to his devoted sons in law and his adoring daughters. Yet he did not shed even a drop of tear. Then the time came for him to hold his beloved grandsons, Hasan (rd) and Hussain (rd), for the last time and tears began to flow from the Mubarak eyes of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam because he knew that, one day in the future, his ummah would poison one of them and would behead the other and he could not perceive this for they were a part of him.

Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal has related in his Musnad that Once Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam was sitting with the angel of rain, Mikaeel (as). Hussain (rd), a small child at the time, was sitting with Umme Salma (rd) and he wanted to go to Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam. So he ran into the room and began climbing upon the shoulders of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam. Mikaeel (as) asked, “Oh Rasulullah! Do you love Hussain?” and Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam replied “Indeed! I love Hussain.” So the Angel said, “Indeed people from your Ummah will kill Hussain. If you wish I will show you that place where they will kill him.” So Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam replied; “Yes! Show me!” The Angel struck his hand and the land of Karbala opened up and he bought some red soil (about which Umme Salma (rd) mentions; “I used to tie this soil in my scarf”). When Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam saw this land He said “Rehu karb wa bala! From this land I smell karb- difficulty and pain and bala- trials and tribulations.” Hence Karbala was named.

Moving forward to the 60th year of Hijri, before the demise of Muawiyah (rd) he appointed his son, Yazeed, as the next khaleef. Generally a Khaleef is appointed after the demise of the previous one. However, Yazeed was the first to have inherited khilafah. When a khaleef is appointed, he is to be followed as long as he is obedient to the commands of Allah swt and Yazeed was not obedient. As a matter of fact, Yazeed was a drunkard, listened to music and had other bad habits. But before anything could be said to Muawiyah (rd) to change his decision, he passed away. As Yazeed was not submissive, Hussain ibn Ali (rd), the eldest living member of the family of the prophet of Allah sallallahu alayhi wasallam at the time, was not ready to accept him as a khaleef. Many people began to take allegiance with Yazeed; however a lot felt that Hussain (rd) should be appointed as the new khaleef.

People began sending letters from Kufa to Madinah Munawwarah to Hussain (rd). Kufa is a place that is now part of Iraq. However at the time, it was a garrison which was the main governing seat of Ali (rd) and so many supporters of Ali (rd) still resided in Kufa. According to some narrations they sent 12 000 letters saying “Oh Hussain come to us and we will pledge allegiance to you. We will regard you as the khaleef.”

As so many letters were sent to him, Hussain (rd) sent his cousin Muslim ibn Aqeel ibn Abi Talib (rd) to see what was happening in Kufa. When Muslim ibn Aqeel (rd) set out for his journey he hired two guides. On his way, first one guide passed away and then the other and so he did not take this as a positive sign. He sent a letter to Hussain (rd) telling him he had a bad feeling about this journey and so maybe he should not go ahead. But Hussain (rd) told him to carry on because he wanted to find out what the reality of the situation was in Kufa.

Muslim ibn Aqeel (rd) reached Kufa and within a couple of days 32 000 people pledged allegiance to Hussain (rd) on the hands of Muslim ibn Aqeel (rd). He wrote a letter to Hussain (rd), who at the time was residing in Makkah Mukarramah, saying “Oh Hussain! Come to Kufa. The people’s hearts are with you.”

The governor at the time in Kufa was a very pious man by the name of Nouman ibn Basheer (rd). A supporter of Yazeed asked him “why do you not do something about this Muslim ibn Aqeel?” But Nouman ibn Basheer (rd) did not wish to be tested through the family of Rasulullah Sallallahu alayhi wasallam and so he said “I would rather be a coward with the truth than be brave with falsehood.”

When Yazeed learnt through his supporters that Nouman ibn Basheer was not going to take action, he demoted Nouman (rd) and he appointed Ubaidullah ibn Ziyad as the new khaleef in place of him.

Ubaidullah ibn Ziyad entered Kufa with his face covered and the people who were waiting for the arrival of Hussain (rd) thought it was him and they began giving salaam to him saying “Assalaamu’alaykum oh grandson of the prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam!”

Ubaidullah ibn Ziyad then came to realise how severe the situation was and so he went straight to the governing palace and ordered his people to scout out for the gatherings of Muslim ibn Aqeel (rd). It was then that the people came to know that this person was not in fact Hussain (Rd) but rather someone appointed by Yazeed. Ubaidullah ibn Ziyad sent one of his slaves to keep an eye out for who comes and goes from these gatherings and then report back to him. Amongst these people who gathered was a man by the name Hani, who was the leader of his people.

On the 8th of Zul Hijjah 60 AH, Ubaidullah ibn Ziyad summoned him and asked him where Muslim ibn Aqeel (rd) was, To which he denied knowledge of such a person. Ubaidullah ibn Ziyad called out his slave and Hani then realised that he could no longer hide the truth and so he said “I swear by Allah, Even if Muslim ibn Aqeel was under my foot I would not reveal him to you.”

On hearing the news that Hani had been captured, Muslim ibn Aqeel (rd) marched towards the palace with 4000 men and at the same time, Ubaidullah ibn Ziyad gathered the tribal leaders and he offered them close council if they called off their men. So these leaders went out and began to call off their men. That morning when Muslim ibn Aqeel (rd) had gathered his men, He had 4000 men. In the afternoon he had 400 men. By Maghrib he only had 30 men and after Maghrib he was left all alone running and hiding in the streets of Kufa like a fugitive because Ubaidullah ibn Ziyad’s men were searching for him.

Whilst hiding he came to a door, he knocked on it and an old lady opened it. He asked her “Do you have water for a traveller?” and she replied in the affirmative and gave him water. He drank the water and then he sat where he was like a tired traveller does after a long day. Seeing him sit down, the lady asked him “why are you sat there? What is wrong?” and he replied “I am Muslim ibn Aqeel”. She asked him “you’re from the family of the prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam?” he replied “yes” and she felt honoured to be in his presence and so she gave him shelter.

Later that night her son came home and she told him “we are honoured with the family of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam”. But her son did not feel the same way and so early the next morning on the day of Arafat; he sneaked out of the house, went over to the palace and said “if you give me this amount money I will tell you where Muslim ibn Aqeel is hiding”. So they gave him some money and he told them where he was.

The soldiers went, they surrounded the house and they captured Muslim ibn Aqeel (rd). When they reached the palace, Ubaidullah ibn Ziyad ordered his men to take Muslim (rd) and Hani on to the terrace and he said to them “behead both men and then throw their heads over the wall of the palace, so that people know that this will be their outcome if they go against Yazeed the governor”. So on the 9th of Zul Hijjah 60th year of Hijri, Muslim ibn Aqeel (rd) along with Hani became shaheed. Inna lillahi wa inna ilayhi raji’oon.

Back in Makkah Mukarramah, when the eminent Sahaba (rd) found out that Hussain (rd) was planning on setting out towards Kufa they tried to stop him. They were not trying to stop him because they wanted to go against the Khaleef but rather they were trying to stop him because they knew the treacherous nature of the Iraqis, in particular the Kufans. Abdullah ibn Abbas (rd) said to him “Hussain! Where are you going?! Don’t you remember what these people did to your father and to your brother?” But Hussain (rd) insisted on going. To which Abdullah ibn Abbas (rd) said to him “I swear by Allah! If I could tie a rope around your neck and keep you here in Makkah, I would do so.”

Abdullah ibn Umar (rd) travelled for three days to catch up with him and he asked him “where are you going oh Hussain?!” Hussain rd replied: “Look at the letters they have sent to me! They want to pledge allegiance with me!” Abdullah ibn Umar (rd) was one of the leading scholars of the time. He had great knowledge of the Qur’an and Hadeeth. He replied “Hussain! This can never happen because Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam said that he is from you and you are from him and Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam was given an option of the dunya or the akhirah and he chose the akhirah. So you can never attain the dunya!” but even this did not change Hussain’s (rd) mind and so ibn Umar (rd) asked him to show him the place where Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam used to kiss him. Hussain (rd) lifted his garment and ibn Umar (rd) kissed him in the very same spot and he let him go.

Two days prior to the day of Arafat on the 7th of Zul Hijjah, Hussain (rd) along with his wife, children, Sister Zainub Bint Ali (rd) and others set out from Makkah Mukarramah. On his way he met a well-known poet by the name of Quraltuk and he asked him what the situation was like in Kufa. He replied “Half of the people are with you but all their swords are with Bani Umayah”. But he still carried on towards Kufa.

On the way, he suddenly began to say the takbeer out loud and the people asked “What is wrong oh Hussain?” And he replied “I saw an angel in the form of a rider and he informed me that the army is coming and death awaits you!” and so in shock for the second time they asked “What do you see Oh?! Hussain what do you see?!” and he replied “I have seen the decree of Allah swt”.

Further on, he saw that Ubaidullah ibn Ziyad had sent an army of a 1000 men under the command of Hurr ibn Yazeed. Hurr confronted Hussain (rd) and he said to him “Oh Hussain! Do not make Allah swt test me through the family of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam”. But Hussain (rd) carried on walking and Hurr began to follow him with his army. So Hussain (rd) in annoyance said to Hurr “May your mother lose you!” and Hurr replied “Oh Hussain! If anyone other than you had said this to me, I would have taken revenge from him and his mother. But what can I say to your mother? She is the leader of the women of the dunya and the akhirah. What can I even say to you?!”

Ubaidullah ibn Ziyad then sent another 4000 men under the command of Umar ibn S’ad. Then another 4000 men under the command of  Shimr. Then another 1000 men under the command of Hussain ibn Mumayid, and lastly, another 1000 men under the command of Muhammad ibn Ash’ath.

Now Hussain (rd) began to realise how severe the situation was because against the 11 000 men of Ubaidullah ibn Ziyad, he in total only had 72 people, of which some were women. 23 of the 72 were from the Ahlul Bayt and about 16 were from the direct family of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam. He turned to Umar ibn S’ad and he said “Give me one of three options: Either allow me to fight in the path of Allah swt for the rest of my life, or allow me to speak to Yazeed or allow me to go back to Makkah Mukarramah.”

Umar ibn S’ad wrote a letter to Yazeed. Yazeed began agreeing with his conditions. But Shimr, who was present, said to him “No! You cannot agree to any of his conditions because if you do so, it would mean he has won. Instead, tell him to surrender without any conditions and his faith will lie in our hands”. So Yazeed wrote a letter back to Umar ibn S’ad saying that Hussain (rd) must surrender without any conditions.

By the time the letter reached Umar ibn S’ad, a day had passed and Hussain (rd) along with his people had been denied even a sip of water. Umar ibn S’ad read the letter out to Hussain (rd) and Hussain (rd) said to him “Oh ibn S’ad! I swear by Allah, if one of my enemies had asked of me any one of the three, I would have agreed to his condition. Don’t you know who I am? Don’t you know I am the son of Ali (rd)? Don’t you know I am the son of Faatimah (rd)? Don’t you know I am the grandson of the prophet of Allah sallallahu alayhi wasallam? And Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam said Hussain is from me and I am from Hussain, whoever hurts Hussain, has hurt me. What will you do on the day of judgement, when you will come to my grandfather and you will ask him to intercede on your behalf and you have done this to me? What do you think my grandfather will do”?

Hurr ibn Yazeed was listening to this and he came to Hussain (rd) and he said “Oh Hussain from now on I am with you!” Then he turned towards the Kufans and he said to them; “What kind of people are you? You wrote letter upon letter to him and when he came to help you, you deceived him! Then you deprive him of water, even though there is a river nearby which the dogs and pigs drink from. Which the Christians and the Jews drink from. Yet you stop water from reaching the family of the prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. What kind of people are you?!”

For three more days they refused to give him water and on this third day Hussain (rd) came out of his tent, he sat down, he took off his sword, he fell asleep and he saw a dream. He only woke up when he heard the screams of his sister, Zainub bint Ali (rd).

She came running and screaming because the enemy was advancing and so Hussain (rd) told his brother to go and ask them for one more day to think over things. Abbas ibn Ali (rd) went and asked and they gave them one more day.

Hussain (rd) then gathered his men and he said; “Oh people! Know that the only man they want is me. So why don’t you all go back and leave me?” They replied; “Oh Hussain! There is no life for us after you.”

Seeing as he was not getting anywhere with his people, Hussain (rd) then turned to the family of Muslim ibn Aqeel (rd) and he said “Oh Muslim! Your family has given your sacrifice! Muslim has been martyred so why don’t you go back?” (He said this because by this time news had reached them that Muslim (rd) had been martyred). They replied; “Oh Hussain! What will people say? That you left your leader! You left your cousin because you wanted to live in this dunya? We swear by Allah! This can never happen. We will die with you! We will give our lives. We will give our families and we will give our wealth for you and if it means we dying with you, then we will die with you”.

Seeing as even in this case he was not getting anywhere, Hussain (rd) then explained; “The reason I asked for one more night was not because I was going to join falsehood. But rather when I went to sleep outside my tent, I saw my grandfather, Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam, in my dream. He said to me; “Oh Hussain! Get ready to come to me” and the other reason I took one more night was because I wanted to stand in front of my lord, to cry to my lord and to repent to my lord. This is the only reason I took one more night. Otherwise if it was to join with falsehood, remember that the family of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam can never join with Falsehood.”

Hussain (rd) then spent the entire night standing the court of Allah swt, crying to him and he recited poetry. He said:

“Oh time! What an awful friend you are!

For all those who have pursued you, you have killed them by day and night.

And we have all attained your targets, and all matters will return to Allah swt.

And every person who is living will walk my path”.

His sister listening to this began to cry and so he said “Oh Zainub! Do not let Shaytaan get the better of you! I swear by Allah, my mother was better than me and she died. My brother was better than me and he died. My father was better than me and he died and my grandfather, the Prophet Sallallahu alayhi wasallam was better than me and he died. So I will tell you that you and I will leave this dunya and so don’t let Shaytaan get the better of you.”

The next day, Friday 10th of Muharram, Hussain (rd) came out with his men and the Kufans also came forward. As was the tradition of the time, first a one on one duel took place amongst the chosen men. So the Kufans sent forward their men and Hussain (rd) himself came forward and took out each one of them single handed. The Kufans then realised that if this carried on, they would be left with no men and so 3000 men attacked the small army of Hussain (rd) all at once.

The first to fall from the men of Hussain (rd) was Muslim ibn Awsij (r). Hussain (rd) called out to him “Oh Muslim! Glad tidings unto you, for you are the first to fall for the family of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam”. Then Habeeb ibn Mutahhir moved forward and called out “Glad tidings unto you, Oh Muslim! Glad Tiding unto you, Oh Muslim! You are guaranteed Jannah for falling for the family of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam”. Then Muslim (r) turned to Habeeb (r) and he said “Oh Habeeb! Don’t die after Hussain. Die before him. Die Protecting Hussain”! Amongst the men, Sa’eed ibn Abdullah (r) said to Hussain (rd) “Oh Hussain! If I had a thousand lives, I swear by Allah, I would give each one for you. But I have only one life and this I will give up for you.”

One by one, all the men around Hussain (rd) fell. The only men standing were the family of Hussain (rd). The time for zuhr came and so Hussain (rd) said “At Least let us read Zuhr!” So Shimr answered saying “Your Salaah won’t be accepted.” Hussain (rd) replied saying “I see. So the salaah of the household of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam won’t be accepted but yours will be?” and then Hussain (rd) along with his men, read his Salaah by gesture on the battle field.

After reading Salaah from amongst the remaining soldiers, the first to come forward was the eldest son of Hussain (rd), Ali Al-Akbar (r), who was at the time 19 years old. Just like his grandfather Ali (rd), He fought like a lion until they cut off his hands and struck him. When he was breathing his last, his father took him into his arms and said to him “Oh my son! On the day of judgement your grandfather, Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam, will bare witness to your shahadah”. Then when Ali Al-Akbar breathed his last in his father’s arms, Hussain (rd) picked him up and put him with the rest of the martyred.

Then the cousins of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam came forward and fought until all four of them were martyred. Thereafter Qasim ibn Hasan (r) came forward and fought until they hit him over the head and he called out to his uncle Hussain (rd). Hussain (rd) came to him and said “Oh my son! Today your uncle is so injured that he cannot reply to your plea of help because his enemies are many and his friends are few. But I swear by Allah, after today you will not feel the need to call upon anyone”. This moment was so touching that for a moment there was a total standstill in the battlefield.

Thereafter his brothers become shaheed. First to go was Abbas (r). Then Abu Bakr (r), Uthmaan (r), Abdullah (r)and Ja’far (r). Then the sons of Ja’far (r) became shaheed. First to be martyred was Aun (r) and then Muhammad (r). Then Hasan (rd)’s second son Abu Bakr (r) became shaheed.

Thereafter the rest of the family of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam were martyred except for Hussain (rd) and the first to attack him was Malik ibn Basheer. He struck Hussain (rd) on his helmet and blood began to gush out. So Hussain (rd) removed his helmet and wore a turban instead to stop the bleeding.

He fought as bravely as the men of his family. But for so many days he had not had any water to drink and so he was thirsty and tired. He retreated to his camp and called his youngest son Abdullah who was still being breastfed. Knowing his final moments were near, he took his son into his arms and he began to hug him and kiss him and one of the Kufans by the name of Harmala bin Kamil shot an arrow and it hit Abdullah straight  in the neck and thus the last of the lineage of Hussain (rd) was martyred.

This moment is a great lesson for all who wish to listen. Look at the sabr of Hussain (rd). He laid his son on the ground; he collected the blood in his palms, lifted his hands towards the heavens and cried out “Oh Allah! Give us patience over your decree! Oh Allah! Give us patience over your decree! Oh Allah! Give us patience over your decree”! And in another narration it has been mentioned that he said “Oh Allah! If this is your decree then we accept it. If your help has stopped coming we accept it. But don’t let these oppressors get away with what they have done!” Even in his time of distress, he turns to the one who seals all fates.

Then a small child came running out of the camps and a soldier by the name of Hani ibn Katheer began to attack. Someone tried to stop him saying “He’s just a child. What is he going to do?” But even this did not stop him. He took hold of the child, laid him on the ground and cut off his head as if he was sacrificing an animal.

One of the Kufans thus mentioned “I have never seen a man fight as bravely as Hussain (rd)! For bodies of his family and friends were lying all around him but he was sitting there as content as any man could be!” But really what did this Kufan expect! For this Hussain was no ordinary man! What was to be expected of the son of Ali (rd), the grandson of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam, the brother of Hasan (rd), the nephew of Hamzah (rd)! This man was destined for Jannah and Jannah was his only goal.

Hussain (rd) then stood up and he started walking towards the river nearby to try and at least drink some water. But Hussain (with a ص) ibn Yazeed shot an arrow and it hit Hussain (rd) on the chin. He again filled his palms with his own blood this time and turned towards the heavens. Then he said “Oh Allah! I am weak but you are strong. Don’t leave any one of them alive. Destroy them one by one. Take my revenge through your own will.”

He had only just finished making Du’aa and Hussain ibn Yazeed began to feel thirsty. He asked for water and water was given to him. He drank but still wanted more, so they gave him cooled milk. He drank the milk but still kept asking for more till the point that he drank so much milk, his stomach burst and he died a painful death. Thus Hussain (rd) was shown before he was martyred that he should not grieve because Allah swt was with him.

Here was Hussain (rd) left on his own to fight and everywhere he’d turn, a group of men would run after him (because these men were too cowardly to attack on their own) until Shimr said “What are you waiting for? Finish him off!”

Just imagine yourselves on the battlefield for a second and think about what the scene must be like. There, in front of the women of the family of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam. In front of the wife, sister and daughter of Hussain (rd), like vultures upon dead meat, they struck him around 60 times and even this was not enough for them! A man by the name of Zur’aa bin Saree’ from the tribe of Tamim came and struck Hussain (rd) on the shoulder. He fell to his knees and Khoula bin Sanan ibn Abi Anas threw a spear and Hussain (rd) fell to the floor completely. Then he grabbed Hussain (rd)’s head and severed it from his body and he gave the head to Khoula bin Yazeed. Then they severed the head of all the men who fought with Hussain (rd) and then they left. How unfortunate must these men be that Allah swt did not even give them the ability to bury the martyred?!

They then took the womenfolk of Hussain (rd) as captives. His sister Zainub bint Ali (r) turned around and all she could see was the bodies of their menfolk, of whom every single one had their heads severed from their bodies and she saw these bloodthirsty men take ten horses to trample over the body of the man for whom Allah’s Rasool sallallahu alayhi wasallam stopped the khutbah, just so he could bring him and his brother forward. Then they took Hussain (rd)’s head, stuck it on a pole and held it up high. Thus, on Friday the 10th of Muharram, the grandson of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam, Hussain ibn Ali (rd) became shaheed. Inna lillahi wa inna ilayhi raji’oon.

Upon seeing this scene, Zainub bint Ali (r) cried out “Oh my grandfather, the Prophet Sallallahu alayhi wasallam, oh my grandfather, May the mercy of Allah swt be upon you. May the angels of the sky send salutations upon you. This is Hussain lying on the battlefield. Today his shroud and his clothes are bloodied and his limbs have been cut and he has been trampled over. Oh my grandfather! Today your granddaughters have become captives and your progeny has been killed!” One of the Kufans mentioned that this scene was so emotional that even the soldiers lost control upon hearing this and began to cry.

The people of Bani Asad then came. They prayed janaazah salaah and they buried the bodies. When Umar ibn S’ad found out they had been buried, he sent water over to the burial site and had it sprinkled over the graves for 40 days until there was no sign of any graves left.

But this was the land of Karbala! Did these men expect it to be forgotten if no signs of the graves were left? Sometime after the soil had dried, a Bedouins came to Karbala. He began to smell the soil and he came to a part of the land where the smell so strong that he began to sneeze. It was so beautiful he had never smelt anything like that before and he said “This is the place where Hussain (rd) is buried.” Subhanallah! They Planned but Allah swt also planned.

The head of Hussain (rd) was then paraded through the streets of the city and then in the markets of Kufa and the Kufans then took the severed head to Ubaidullah ibn Ziyad, who upon seeing it was left in so much awe by its beauty that even he exclaimed; “What beauty!” Anas bin Malik (rd) was standing there and so stated “There was no one who resembled Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam more than Hussain (rd)”. Hussain (rd) resembled Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam so much that after he had passed away when the sahaba (rd) missed Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam, they would go to the house of Ali (rd) and look at Hussain (rd).

Then Ubaidullah ibn Ziyad took a cane and hit the mouth of Hussain (rd) and Zaid ibn Arkam (rd) said “Remove that cane, for I swear by Allah, I saw Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam kiss those lips.”

Ubaidullah ibn Ziyad then sent the head of Hussain (rd) to Yazeed in Damascus, who took a sword and hit Hussain (rd)’s lips and Abu Darda Aslami said to him “Oh Oppressor! Remove that sword for I saw Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam’s lips on those lips.” According to some narrations Yazeed sent the head to Madinah Munawwarah with the womenfolk when he released them and there they buried the head with Faatimah (rd).

Thus in the 61st year of Hijri, Friday 10th of Muharram, alongside Hussain bin Ali (rd), Abu Bakr bin Ali (r), Uthmaan bin Ali (r), Abbas bin Ali (r), Abdullah bin Ali (r), Ali Al-akbar (r), Ali Al-Asghar (r), Abdullah ibn Hussain (r), Qasim bin Hasan (r), Abu Bakr bin Hasan (r), Abdullah bin Hasan (r), Aun bin Abdullah bin Ja’far (r), Muhammad bin Abdullah bin Ja’far (r), Adi bin Abdullah bin Ja’far (r), Abdullah bin Muslim (r), Abdur-Rahman bin Muslim (r), Uthmaan bin Aqeel (r), Yahya bin Aqeel (r) and Ja’far bin Aqeel (r) of the Ahlul-Bayt were martyred. Their heads, just like Hussain (rd), were severed from their bodies and they are buried in the land of Karbala.

Those who took part in harming the family of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam did not die an easy death. Moving forwarded to the 66th year of Hijri, the new appointed governor of Kufa was Mukhtar ibn Abu Abdillah. He gathered all the men who took part in the battle against Hussain (rd) and he executed each and every one of them, severing their heads from their bodies.

It has been narrated that dogs dragged the body of Shimr through the streets of Kufa. Imam Tirmidhi (r) narrates in his Jami’ that when Ubaidullah ibn Ziyad was beheaded, they took his head to the Masjid. A huge serpent came out and went into the head of Ubaidullah ibn Ziyad. It remained in there for a time and then it appeared and then disappeared and then appeared again. Each time the head beckoned saying “come again, come again” and it disappeared into the head again. This happened around two to three times before it finally disappeared completely.

Imam Zahabi narrates in one of his books that one of the travellers said he went to Kufa and he stayed at a certain person’s house. The traveller said to the host that all those who took part against Hussain (rd) died a treacherous death. The host replied “You’re lying because I am one of them and nothing happened to me!” That evening he went to straighten a lantern and his fingers got stuck on the lantern. So he tried to blow the lantern out and his beard caught on fire. He managed to find water and jumped into it, however he was still burnt like a charcoal.

This day, the 10th of Muharram, even before the coming of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam, held a lot of importance because it was on this day that Allah swt accepted the repentance of Adam (as). It was on this day that the ark of Nuh (as) stopped on mount Judi. It was on this day that Yunus (as) came out of the belly of the whale. It was on this day that Musa (as) crossed the ocean with the Bani Isra’eel. It was on this day that Ibraheem (as) came out of fire that he was thrown into. Then the greatest event that took place on this day was the martyrdom of Hussain (rd) and this event took over in beauty over the rest of the events and after this another great event which is yet to come is yawmul Qiyamah, which will also take place on the 10th of Muharram on the day of Friday.

Apart from being one of the greatest sorrows that beheld the Ummah for even just a moment, this day holds a great lesson for every believer. As evident from the above event taht took place, sometimes, sacrifices, no matter how great, have to be made in order to please Allah swt and his Rasool-e-Kareem sallallahu alayhi wasallam and one must stay strong against disbelief because no amount of leniency will ever make ones Akhirah. Hussain (rd) knew this and even though he was from amongst those who were given the glad tidings of being one of the leaders of the youth of Jannah, he still fought for what was right.

He was sacrificed in order for the believing men and the believing women to realize that this Dunya is temporary and the real abode is the Akhirah. The days leading to his final moments were made a lesson for people to know that Allah swt sometimes puts people through great trials and tribulations in order to gain higher statuses in Jannah!

The 10th of Muharram should not be a mourning day for any person because Hussain (rd) is not a person we should be feeling sorry for. In fact the people we should worry about and feel sorry for, is our own selves because we have no clue as to whether we will be amongst the dwellers of Jannah or Jahannam.

Hussain (rd)’s abode was Jannah and he knew this. Yet to him, pleasing Allah swt was still so important that even when he was in troubled waters he turned to Allah swt. He remembered Allah swt, he prayed to him and so such is his honour in the court of Allah swt that Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam himself will bare witness to his shahadah.

Abdullah ibn Abbas (rd) says “The day Hussain (rd) passed away; I saw Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam in a dream. He had dirty clothing and he had a glass full of blood in his hand. So I asked him, “Oh Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam! Where have you come from?” And He replied “I have come from witnessing the martyrdom of Hussain (rd). On the day of judgement, I will give witness to the martyrdom of Hussain (rd).”

May Allah swt deal with the people who finished the progeny of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam as they deserve and May He help us to strive for Jannah and May we all meet there! Ameen.

All praise is to Allah swt at the beginning and at the end.

May you be rewarded for visiting my page and may we all benefit. Ameen.

The Katibah.

Sources:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UjMjOhvZNG0

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OuQ7ALsDJvg&index=2&list=PLJs9dXiNOVHRuJS27zxhFMmbL7nig3_rq

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wiPm6m-d3Yc

Modesty Never Goes Out of Fashion!

All praise is due to Allah swt, the lord of the worlds and may His peace and blessings be upon His final prophet and messenger, Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam.

Assalaamualaykum.w.w.

Rasulullah  sallallahu alayhi wasallam is reported to have said, “Every religion has a characteristic. The characteristic of Islam is modesty.” (Ibn Majah)

I pray you are reading this in the best of health, wealth and Imaan. Ameen. What you are about to read is a subject that i feel should be very important to each and every one of us.  Compiled together by my collegues and i (on a very short notice i might add) and delivered to a female audience. I shall let you read on. :).

Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam has mentioned in a hadeeth:

الحياء شعبة من الايمان
Modesty is part of faith.

(Saheeh Al-Bukhari & Saheeh Muslim)

Imaan has many branches and of its most important branch is modesty.  Modesty gives a believer fear within one’s own self. It saves a person from sin. It helps a believer to make a judgement on how they should behave, how they should dress, the tone they should use within their surroundings, regardless of where they are or who they maybe with, amongst other things.

The term modesty according to the English dictionary means behaviour, manner or appearance intended to avoid impropriety or indecency.

However the original meaning of modesty according to a believer’s nature refers to a bad and uneasy feeling accompanied by embarrassment, caused by ones fear of being exposed for some unworthy or indecent conduct.

Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam has stated: Verily, modesty and faith are inter-related.  Where one is taken out, the other diminishes simultaneously. (Bayhaqi)

We learn from this hadeeth that modesty plays a very important role in the life of a Muslim. One of the things Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam feared Most for his Ummah was lack of shame and the sad fact my sisters, is that we have succumbed to the ways of those who are against the teachings of the Quran and Sunnah. We are living in a time where we are constantly exposed to shamelessness. When we first see something lewd and vulgar, if our Imaan is intact we feel disturbed. However when we see the same thing over and over again, we don’t even realise what the big deal is. Then when we begin to ask ourselves “what is the big deal?! what is the issue here?!”, understand that we are becoming spiritually bankrupt. Our Imaan is weakening and thus we are becoming distant from Allah swt. Allah forbid.

In this day and age due to our surroundings and environment we can easily be misled. Let us take the example of our young brothers and sisters who wear football T-shirts of the team they support, with the name of their adored player printed on it.  Without saying a word, simply by their dress code, they show the world who or what they value and support. Without doubt, it causes people to look and see. It turns people’s attention towards something which is not necessarily halaal.

Your question may be how is this possible? My answer, is quite simple. The purpose of clothing is to cover our awrah, not to reveal any form, shape or size. It is not in any way a means for the opposite gender to turn his or her neck or raise their gaze.

The purpose of the fashion industry is NOT to cover the body. It believes that the main purpose of clothing is sexual attraction. We are living in an age where showing more skin is in and leaving the house without make up is a no-no! As a matter of fact, the image, this fashion Industry has tried so hard to show is the less you wear the more freedom you gain.

My words, my sisters, may seem harsh, but in truth whether we are ready to admit it or not this is a reality many of us have fallen prey to.

Our beloved Habeeb sallallahu alayhi wasallam has said in a hadeeth:

اذا لم تستحيى فاصنع ما شئت
when you have no shame do as you please.

(Saheeh Al-Bukhari)

This hadeeth speaks volume when it comes to the fashion Industry. Sadly, we, as believing women are allowing ourselves to be swept away by the western culture. Why have we, as believing women, abandoned modest clothing? Have we really thought about the consequences? Do we do this to ourselves so that we may feel or look attractive?  Is it because we feel insecure? Do we feel we need to fit in and be accepted?

Our clothing is a symbolic language we speak to those around us. Our clothes are a form of communication, a message. Our appearance speaks values; many times it speaks louder than words. Our clothing should be a sense of Islamic identity. There should be no doubt that WE are believing women. We should not be mistaken for anything but a Muslim woman. Most definitely, when we cover as we should, we will be recognized as respected Muslimaat.

Allah swt so beautifully mentions in surah Ah’zaab ayah 59:

O Nabi (sallallahu alayhi wasallam)! Tell your wives, your daughters and the women of the Mu’mineen that they should draw down their ‘jalaabeeb’ over themselves. This is best for their recognition so that they are not harmed. Allah is oft forgiving, most merciful. (33:59)

The words “this is best for their recognition” refers to Free women because slaves are not required to cover themselves in the manner that we are.

As for The words “so they are not harmed” here means so that the women are not teased or made fun of like the slaves in the time of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam.  This shows that through our outer garments Allah swt is providing us with a means of preserving ourselves for whom we are halaal i.e. the husband. Men by nature are jealous and do not wish for others to “check out” their respective wives. We should want to preserve our beauty from others and share it with our husband only.

WE should acknowledge that we are following the example of the “best generation” of Muslims. The wives and daughters of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam as well as the wives of the companions covered completely. They were the most pious of women who we should try to be like. Undoubtedly if we dress appropriately we will be treated with respect as a human being. People will be forced to listen to the words we speak. Rather than concentrate on what we look like and this, my sisters is Freedom, because it is our speech that is heard and not our body language.

My sisters! Let me end with something we can all think back to.

Stated in Saheeh Al-Bukhari And Saheeh Muslim, Aishah rd says: One day we were sitting with Nabi sallallahu alayhi wasallam and Faatimah rd came.  She used to walk exactly like the Nabi of Allah sallallahu alayhi wasallam. Nabi sallallahu alayhi wasallam said “Oh my daughter come and sit down. Then he came close to her and whispered in her ear. Faatimah rd began to cry profusely. When Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam saw her grief, he whispered something for the second time and she calmed down. When Nabi sallallahu alayhi wasallam stood up and excused himself. Aishah rd says, i said: “Oh Faatimah! what was the secret between you and your father?” Faatimah rd replied “I will not disclose the secret”.

When Nabi sallallahu alayhi wasallam passed away, Aishah rd said “Oh Faatimah! now tell me, the Nabi of Allah sallallahu alayhi wasallam is gone”. She said “Let me tell you now. When I came and i sat down, he whispered in my ear and he told me “Faatimah! Listen my daughter! Listen my daughter! Every year Jibraeel comes and he recites the Quran to me once. This year he read the Quran to me twice. I think my time is up and i will be moving onwards from this world. Faatimah hold on patiently. Be patient and make sabr! Make sabr, Oh Faatimah! When he saw that i became emotional, he whispered in my ear again and he said “Faatimah you will be the first to join me after i have gone”.

Six months later, Faatimah rd comes to Asma bint Umais rd, who is the wife of Abu Bakr rd, the former wife of Jafar ibn Abi Talib rd. She says to her “The time has come.  I will be leaving this world. Oh Asma! I am going to pass away but i have observed in funerals, the women’s organs are slightly exposed. I am very worried. After i die, please see that my body is covered”. Asma rd breaks some branches. She makes a coffin and she says “I observed this practice in Abyssinia”. She then takes a Cloth and she covers it.  Faatimah rd says “This is what i want to do”.

She passes away six months after Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam. During these six months she does not smile once. But when she was told that decent arrangements can be made so that her body will be covered totally after her death, she brings a smile to her face. She said “Oh Asma! I am leaving this world, I entrust you to give me a shower”.

My sisters, what was the Modesty of Faatimah bint Muhammad?  Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam told Faatimah rd “On the day of judgement, when humanity will assemble, Faatimah rd will also stand up and an announcer will announce. Oh people lower your gaze, Faatimah bint Muhammad wants to cross. Every man will drop his gaze and Faatimah rd will cross.

My sister, modesty is a sign of a person’s closeness to the creator. How many times have we heard of the word haya or modesty? Have we really thought over what it means? I pray that my words have given you something to think about and I pray to Allah swt that he first gives me the ability to act upon what I have said and then to all of you. Ameen.

All praise  is for Allah swt at the beginning and at the end.

May you be rewarded for visiting my page and may we all benefit. Ameen.

The Katibah.

Resources used:

Hilyah

All praise is due to Allah swt, the lord of the worlds and may His peace and blessings be upon His final prophet and messenger, Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam.

Over 1400 years ago, in the lands of Arabia, people were drowning in ignorance, Corruption was spreading throughout the lands and immorality was the norm. During this time Allah swt through his infinite mercy and blessings sent to the people, Muhammad bin Abdullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam. This was a man who was born into the noblest and richest family of Arabia. Who could have had the riches of the world. Who could have ruled the lands. Yet he chose to live a life of simplicity and moderation. He was known as As-Sadiq Al-Ameen, Truthful and trustworthy. He helped those in need and earned his own living. At the age of 40, Allah swt blessed him with nabuwwah. Allah swt revealed to him the Qur’an and made him a means of guidance for the people of his time and the people after them. This was a man who was sent down as a mercy for us, as mentioned so beautifully in the Qur’an e Kareem. Allah swt, talking to Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam says:-

و ما ارسلناك الا رحمت للعالمين

 “And We have not sent you, [O Muhammad], except as a mercy to the worlds.” (Surah Anbiya 21:107)

Then again, Allah swt mentions in Surah Ah’zaab (33:21)

لقد كان لكم في رسول اللہ اسوة حسنة

Definitely, for you in the Messenger of Allah is the best of examples…

And what a beautiful example Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam was for us. His character was the best of examples. His speech was the best of examples. His way of life was the best of examples.

We have heard many stories about his way of life but have we ever wondered what the Habeeb of Allah sallallahu alayhi wasallam looked like?

As if individual Ahadeeth are not enough to describe the magnificence of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam, in the books of history, it has been mentioned that when Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam was travelling from Makkah Mukarramah to Madinah Munawwarah for Hijrah, on the way he stopped near a Bedouin woman’s tent. This woman’s name was Umme Ma’bad Al-khuza’iyah, who later accepted Islam together with her husband. Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam asked her if she had any food or drink. She replied that she had nothing, for it had been a rainless season. There was a goat standing nearby about which she said that it was almost dry. Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam asked permission if he could give it a try.

He supplicated to Allah swt and passed his Mubarak hand over its udder and its udder hung down as if it had never been dry. Then Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam began to milk the goat. He first passed the milk to Umme Ma’bad, and then he gave the milk to Abu Bakr (rd), then to Amir bin Fuhairah (rd), the servant of Abu Bakr (rd) and then to their guide Abdullah bin Uraiqit (rd) who was not yet a Muslim. Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam then drank the milk himself. Thereafter he milked the goat once again, filled a container with the milk, gave it to Umme Ma’bad and then left.

Later that day Umme Ma’bad’s husband returns and he sees the milk and asks; where did this milk came from? Umme Ma’bad replied that a blessed man passed this way. He passed his hand over its udder and milk began to flow from it. Then she began to describe the prophet of Allah sallallahu alayhi wasallam .

She says: I saw a young man who was totally pure and clean. His face was shining like the full moon on the fourteenth night. From head to toe, every part of him was elegant. His stomach was not bulging so that it loses its shape. Nor was it so flat that his magnificence seems somewhat less. He was very handsome. So handsome, that the eyes kept on turning towards him in wonder of his handsomeness. So handsome that each limb had a handsomeness of its own. He had large, attractive black eyes. Surma applied eyes with long eyelashes. His voice had dignity in it and it had a pull in it. It had magic in it and it had pleasantness it in.  It had a kind of song it in and it had melody it in. Such a voice, that it can pull at the heart. His neck was slender and long. His beard was thick and beautiful. He had curly hair that reached his ear lobes.

In other narrations it mentions his cheeks were perfect. Nor were they too high nor were they too shallow. He had a beautiful wide mouth with pink lips. His teeth were thin and bright and were so white that when he would smile it would seem a light is shining from his teeth. He had a gap between his front four teeth. His nose was prominent. When one first looked at him they would think he had a large nose but when looking carefully would realize the nose was not in fact large but the noor and beauty made it look large. He had dense, thin hairs on his eyebrows. Both his eyebrows were separate and did not meet each other in the middle. His complexion was neither too fair nor too dark. His stature was nor too high nor too low but when standing in a group he would appear to be the tallest and All in all on his head and beard when he passed away at the age of 63, he had fourteen to twenty white hairs.

This description seems almost poetic, something that every single one of us women would like our “knight in shining armour” to look like but we must remember that Allah swt created Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam as the perfect human being.

Yes it is true Allah swt created all of us in the best of form as mentioned in the Qur’an:

لقد خلقنا الانسان في احسن تقويم

We have certainly created man in the best of stature; (Surah teen 95:4)

Nevertheless none of us will ever be as perfect as the Nabi of Allah sallallahu alayhi wasallam. Allah swt created Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam as an example of his greatness. Through his mercy and blessings, we have been allowed to take a glimpse of his best creation. In truth no matter how much we try we will never be able to describe Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam as he truly was. However, I would like to encourage each and every one of you to go and study the life of Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam . Believe me! If his description left you in wonderment, his life will leave you in awe and admiration and the more you know, the more you will fall in love with man who sacrificed so much for us.

I’d like to leave you today with a description of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam by a professor of philosophy. He says:

The personality of Muhammad, it is most difficult to get into the whole truth of it. Only a glimpse of it can I catch. With dramatic succession of picturesque scenes! There is Muhammad, the Prophet. There is Muhammad, the warrior; Muhammad, the Businessman; Muhammad, the Statesman; Muhammad, the Reformer; Muhammad, the refuge of orphans; Muhammad, the protector of slaves; Muhammad, the Orator; Muhammad, the Emancipator of women; Muhammad, the judge; Muhammad, the saint. All in these magnificent roles, in all these departments of human activities, he is like a hero.

K.S. Ramakrishna Rao, Muhammad, the Prophet of Islam.

May Allah swt give us all the ability to strive in his path and make it easy for us to understand Deen through the sacrifices of his Habeeb sallallahu alayhi wasallam .

May you be rewarded for visiting my page and may we all benefit.

Ameen.

The Katibah.

Resources used:

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